IELTS Grammar lesson about nouns

Know the Nouns

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Most of the people describe noun as “a place, a person or a thing”. This is not a complete explanation of the NOUN. A noun is not necessarily always a physical substance; it can be of any intangible form as well. For example, feeling of happiness or the artistic beauty of a painting.

Nouns have various categories, they are:

  1. Count Nouns
  2. Uncounted Nouns
  3. Proper Nouns
  4. Common Nouns
  5. Collective Nouns
  6. Concrete Nouns
  7. Abstract Nouns


Count nouns are the types of nouns that express the place, person or thing either in a singular or more than a singular expression.

Count nouns have two forms:



Singular Nouns

Singular nouns are the types of nouns that express the singularity of being the only thing or place.

 Plural Nouns

Plural Nouns are the types of nouns that express the plurality or in other words, being more than one of any more than one place, any more than one person, or more than one thing.

For Example

A valley (it expresses a single place), a tree (it expresses a single thing), a

player (it expresses a single person)

 For Example

A number of valleys (it expresses more than one place), a forest of trees (it expresses more than one trees)

Few rules of plural nouns are listed below:
  • We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

For example – boys, girls, toys, trees etc.

  • We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

For example- grass-es, church-es, gas-es, fish-es, ox-es etc.

  • When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in ‘–ies’

For example- baby=babies, fairy=fairies, cherry=cherries

  • When a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

For example- momo=momos, eye=eyes, apple=apples

  • Some nouns have uncertain plurals.

For example- mouse=mice, Goose=Geese


We do not use uncounted nouns in the plural. Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot “count” them. For example, we cannot count “milk”. We can count “bottles of milk” or “litres of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself.

For example – We drank a lot of coffee

For example – That’s useful advice

Uncounted nouns often refer to:

Substances Iron, table, chair, biscuit

Human feelings or qualities Anxiety, sadness, merry, happy

Activities Run, sleep, talk, sneeze

Abstract ideas: Life, urge, death

Here are a few examples of countable and uncountable nouns.


Table Furniture

Poems Rhythm

Trees Forest

Factory Industry

Dew Rainfall


PROPER NOUN is a noun which usually refers to a singular or collection of entities. Some proper nouns occur in plural form, and then they refer to groups of entities considered as unique. Names of people, place and person are known as Proper Noun. We generally start the proper nouns with CAPITAL letters.

William Shakespeare, Richard, Pune etc

Proper nouns are not normally preceded by an article or other limiting modifiers, as any or some. Nor are they usually pluralized. But the language allows for exceptions


According to Oxford – Common nouns are the nouns that can be preceded by an indefinite article and denotes any or all member of the class.

Let me simplify it to you.

Common nouns are the types of nouns which do not specify a person or any place or anything in particular but refers to it as in general aspect like for example, dog, city, humans etc. these are the common nouns.


According to Oxford – A noun, though singular refers to a group of things or animals.

I hope that this definition is pretty simple

Now I would give you a list of collective nouns.

An army of soldiers

herd of sheep

dozen of Eggs

pack of wolves

bunch of sticks

crowd of people

club of lions

A group of dancers.

A team of players


Concrete nouns are those types of nouns which denote something tangible or material, such as a person or a place.

For Example – Machine, Tree, Jack etc

Pretty Simple ha? That’s what we do. We make it simpler for you to understand.


Abstract Nouns are the type of nouns which does not have a physical form that cannot be touched; it is a noun that denotes an idea, an emotion, feeling, quality or other abstract or intangible concepts.

For Example-



Anger, etc.

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