Most of the readers shall describe noun as “a place, a person or a thing”. This is not a complete explanation of NOUN. A noun is not necessarily always a physical substance; it can be of any intangible form as well. For example: Feeling of happiness or the artistic beauty of a painting.
Nouns have various categories, they are:
- Count Nouns
- Uncounted Nouns
- Proper Nouns
- Common Nouns
- Collective Nouns
- Concrete Nouns
- Abstract Nouns
Count nouns are the types of nouns that express the place, person or thing either in a singular or more than a singular expression.
Count nouns have two forms:
Singular nouns are the types of nouns that express the singularity or being the 1 of any one place, any one person, or any one thing
Plural Nouns are the types of nouns that express the plurality or being more than one of any more than one place, any more than one person, or more than one thing.
A valley (it expresses a single place), a tree (it expresses a single thing), a
player (it expresses a single person)
A number of valleys (it expresses more than one place), a forest of trees (it expresses more than one trees)
Few rules of plural nouns are listed below:
- We usually add –s to make a plural noun:
For example – boy-s, girl-s, toy-s, tree-s etc.
- We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x
For example- grass-es, church-es, gas-es, fish-es, ox-es etc.
- When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in –ies
For example- baby=babies, fairy=fairies, cherry=cherries
- When a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:
For example- momo=momos, eye=eyes, apple=apples
- Some nouns have uncertain plurals.
For example- mouse=mice, Goose=Geese
We do not use uncounted nouns in the plural. Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot “count” them. For example, we cannot count “milk”. We can count “bottles of milk” or “liters of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself.
For example – We drank a lot of coffee
For example – That’s useful advice
Uncounted nouns often refer to:
|Substances||Iron, table, chair, biscuit|
|Human feelings or qualities||Anxiety, sadness, merry, happy|
|Activities||Run, sleep, talk, sneeze|
|Abstract ideas:||Life, urge, death|
Here are few examples of countable and uncountable nouns.
PROPER NOUNS –
A PROPER NOUN is a noun which usually refers to a singular or collection of entities. Some proper nouns occur in plural form, and then they refer to groups of entities considered as unique. Names of people, place and person are known as Proper Noun. We generally start the proper nouns with CAPITAL letters.
William Shakespeare, Richard, Pune etc
Proper nouns are not normally preceded by an article or other limiting modifier, as any or some. Nor are they usually pluralized. But the language allows for exceptions
According to Oxford – Common nouns are the nouns that can be preceded by an indefinite article and denotes any or all member of the class.
Let me simplify it to you.
Common nouns are the types of nouns which do not specify a person or any place or anything in particular but refers to it as in general aspect like for example, dog, city, humans etc. these are the common nouns.
According to Oxford – A noun, though singular refers to a group of things, or animals.
I hope that this definition is pretty simple
Now I would give you a list of collective nouns.
An army of soldiers
A herd of sheep
A dozen of Eggs
A pack of wolves
A bunch of sticks
A crowd of people
A club of lions
A group of dancers.
A team of players
Concrete nouns are those types of nouns which denote something tangible or material, such as a person or a place.
For Example – Machine, Tree, Jack etc
Pretty Simple ha? That’s what we do. We make it simpler for you to understand.
Abstract Nouns are the type of nouns which does not have a physical form that cannot be touched; it is a noun that denotes an idea, an emotion, feeling, quality or other abstract or intangible concepts.