IELTS essay on capital punishment

IELTS Essay 2

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Without capital punishment our lives are less secure and crimes of violence increase. Capital punishment is essential to control violence in society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


The application of capital punishment that is culminating a criminal’s life by hanging, shooting, electrocution and the like has always triggered spirited debate. Some people strongly assert it as an inevitable tool for maintaining peace in the society while others condemn it appraising the right to life as a typical value. I strongly advocate the latter opinion.

Assessing an enlightened viewpoint, the right to life has always been regarded as a universal right by all the civilized nations of the world. Blood for blood is hardly a humanitarian concept of justice. It is a barbarous act. The matter of fact is that those who commit murders are generally unbalanced, insane and mentally perturbed. They need cure and not brutal punishment in order to restore them to normalcy.

It should not be forgotten that by killing the murderer, we cannot undo the crime. We can only satisfy an abstract sense of revenge. “An eye for an eye” type of logic that might have swayed the primitive mind should have no appeal to the modern man. Historical evidences hold a testimony to the certitude that capital punishment has never served as a deterrent of crime. This is because crimes are committed under the influence of an intoxicant or a violent emotion or passion that vanquishes the fear of all possible consequences.

It needs to be accentuated, the main purpose of punishment is to reform and rehabilitate a criminal. The state’s business should be to punish the guilty person in such a way as to re-educate him and redeem him morally. Keeping in view the irrevocable feature of capital punishment, it should not be applied in any case. A life sentence may also serve the purpose. Culprit may get a chance to turn over a new leaf.

Vocab Key

Electrocution – killing using electric shocks; Trigger – initiate; Assert – vote; Inevitable – unavoidable; Condemn- criticize; Appraise – favor; Barbarous – cruel; Perturb- disturb; Testimony – proof; Certitude – fact; Vanquish – disappear ; Accentuate – highlight; Rehabilitate – reintegrate; Redeem – recover; Turn over a new leaf – have a fresh beginning

Score = 8 bands

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