English Grammar: Present Perfect Tense

During our Business English: speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Present Perfect Tense and its applications in spoken English.

Present perfect tense is the tense that is used the most in the English language, in general, used to talk about now.

Verb

In present perfect tense, past participle form of the main verb is used. It is framed by adding “has/have” as an auxiliary verb before the actual verb.

Make a statement

A statement in present perfect tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

have

played

football

He, she, it

has

played

football

I, you , we, they

have

Not

played

football

He, she, it

has

Not

played

football

Structure for constructing a statement, in general, can be:

Subject + has/have + Main Verb (past participle) + Object (positive statement)

Subject + has/have + no, not, never +Main Verb (past participle) + Object (negative statement)

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While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of present perfect tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Have

you, we, they

played

football?

Has

He, she, it

played

football?

Have

you, we, they

Not

played

football?

Has

he, she, it

Not

played

football?

Has/Have + Subject + Verb (participle) + Object (positive statement)

Has/Have + Subject + no, not, never + Verb (participle) + Object (negative statement)

Generally, past perfect tense is used to describe activities that started in past and just finished. Following are few situations where the present perfect tense is used.

Description of the situation

Present Perfect Tense is used to describe any sort of experience.

  • They have realized that it was their mistake.
  • They have done a wonderful job.
  • He has scored excellently in his boards.
  • I have not done my homework.

Changes occurred

If you are using the present perfect tense, it may sometimes denote to the changes that have happened over the time with the object or with the subject.

  • The view of the city has developed over time.
  • His behavior has changed over these years.
  • She has motivated herself a lot.
  • They have guided the outlook of people.

Expressing Achievements

Any type of success or achievements can be expressed with the help of the present perfect tense.

  • I have passed the boards with flying colors.
  • They have won the match with no difficulty.
  • He has outspoken his brother.
  • She has achieved a great success in her life.

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English Grammar: Future Continuous Tense

During our Business English: speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Future continuous tense and its applications in spoken English.

Future continuous tense signifies that the action shall start at some unspecified time in future and shall continue in distant future or up till a given point of time.

Verb

In Future continuous tense the sentence is formed by adding -ing at the end of the verb and using an auxiliary verb (will be) before the actual verb in the sentence.

Make a statement

A statement in Future continuous tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

Will

be

cooking

Food

He, she, it

Will

be

cooking

Food

I, you , we, they

Will

not be

cooking

Food

He, she, it

Will

not be

cooking

Food

Structure for statement in general can be:

Subject +Auxiliary Verb + be + Verb-ing + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + be + Verb-ing + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. Following can be use of Future continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Will

you, we, they

be

cooking

food?

Will

he, she, it

be

cooking

food?

Will

you, we, they

be not

cooking

food?

Will

he, she, it

be not

cooking

food?

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + be + Main Verb –ing + Object (positive question)

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + be + not + Main Verb –ing + Object (negative question)

Now there are few situations where the Future continuous tense is used.

Occurrence in future and shall continue

Future Continuous Tense is to describe an activity that will occur in the future and continue for a certain period of time.

  • Jack will be staying in Paris next week.
  • She will be going to Dubai for a meeting.
  • She will be traveling for promotion after a year.
  • He will be starting the job after the holiday.

Activities that started now and will end in future

It is used to express an activity that will continue over a period of time from now (present) and shall end in the future.

  • They will be playing till the evening.
  • She will be studying till the dawn breaks.
  • He will be training him till he is excellent.
  • They will be revolting until the government changes

Parallel actions in future

When you use the Future Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same point of time. The actions are parallel.

  • I will be cooking and he is going to serve dinner.
  • Tonight, they will be celebrating Christmas, and will have a good time.
  • While I will be reading out the lesson, ever body shall be looking at the book.
  • While he will be playing outside, I will be completing the household chores.

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English Grammar: Past Continuous Tense

During our Business English courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at past continuous tense and its applications in spoken English.

Past Continuous Tense expresses the activities which were going on in past but have ended now, that are in present. These sentences are formed with the help of an auxiliary verb and giving the main verb an ‘ing’ ending.

Verb

In Past Continuous Tense, -ing form of the verb is used. Past form is transferred to auxiliary verb.

Make a statement

A statement in past continuous tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

You, we, they

were

cooking

food

I, He, she, it

was

cooking

food

You , we, they

were

not

cooking

food

I, He, she, it

was

not

cooking

food

Structure for a statement, in general, can be:

Subject + past form of “to be” + Verb-ing + Object (positive statement)

Subject + past form of “to be” + not + Verb-ing + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of past continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Were

you, we, they

cooking

food?

Was

I, he, she, it

cooking

food?

Were

you, we, they

not

cooking

food?

Was

I, he, she, it

not

cooking

food?

Now there are few situations where the past continuous tense is used.

Continuous actions in past

It states a continuous action which is either supported or is interrupted by any other activity of the past

  • I was bathing when you called.
  • I was doing household chores before I came in hostel.
  • I was reading when you dropped the ball.
  • He was completing his masters before getting into a job.

Simultaneous Occurrences

It describes any two activities that have occurred in the past simultaneously.

  • They were traveling in the bus when the flood broke.
  • It started raining when I planned to go cycling.
  • It was beaming with light when I opened it.
  • He was bleeding when I took him to the hospital.

Re-occurrences

It describes the occurring and re-occurring event of past.

  • He was doing the same mistake every time.
  • He was practicing the sum repeatedly.
  • The principal was taking frequent rounds.
  • The lever was going up and down repeatedly.

 

 

 

 

English Grammar: Present Continuous Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Present Continuous Tense and its applications in spoken English.

Present Continuous Tense is basic tense with shows the continuity of the activity in past, in general, used to talk about now.

Verb

In Present Continuous Tense, -ing is added at the end of the base form of a verb.

Make a statement

A statement in Present Continuous Tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

 you, we, they

are

drinking

coffee

He, she, it

is

drinking

coffee

you , we, they

are

not

drinking

coffee

He, she, it

is

not

drinking

coffee

Structure for a statement, in general, can be:

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb -ing + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + no, not, never + Main Verb-ing + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of present continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Are

you, we, they

drinking

coffee?

Is

he, she, it

drinking

coffee?

Are

you, we, they

not

drinking

coffee?

Is

he, she, it

not

drinking

coffee?

 

Now there are few situations where the present continuous tense is used.

Current Occurrence:

We use this tense for expressing the activities that are happening now, that is current occurrence of the activity. I am watching Big Bang theory on the television. This is the application of the present continuous tense that the action of watching the television is going on NOW.

He is fixing the car.

They are going to a party.

I am going for a walk.

Is he reaching in time?

Activity that is going on and may finish in fixed period

We use this tense when there is a temporary activity going on and is tend to get over in a fixed period of time.

Rena is visiting her aunt’s place for a week.

They are going to a camp for a day.

He is coming back after 2 hours

I am starting a foreign tour for a week

Planning and deciding future activities.

It also helps in planning and deciding the future activities.

We are planning to go swimming tomorrow.

He is planning to switch career.

I am planning a vacation next week.

They are deciding to go rafting.

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