Confusions with weather, whether and climate

Weather

Weather finds its origin in old English weder.

Noun

  1. The short term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place, including the temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind, etc.
  2. It is also used to describe a strong wind and/or storm
  3. Also used to describe changes or vicissitudes in one’s fortunes

How it is used?

  1. The weather is supposed to be nice this weekend.
  2. With so many people in their house, it was fortunate that the weather was warm and dry so they could utilize the courtyard for the children.
  3. She remained a good friend in all weather.
  4. to expose to the weather; to withstand weather
  5. to discolour,disintegrate,or affect injuriously,as by the effects of weather
  6. to bear up against and come safely through(a storm,danger,trouble,etc)

Verb

How it is used?

  1. A XYZ company weathered losses before marketing their new product.
  2. These stones have weathered for centuries.
  3. She weathered a severe illness before she could participate in school sports activities.

Confusion with Whether

Whether is a conjunction used in English, to introduce the first of two or more alternatives.

  1. Used before the second or later alternative,usually with the correlative

“It matters little whether we go or stay. Whether we go or whether we stay, the result is the same.”

  1. Used as implied or understood, or some clause or element not  involving alternatives

“I doubt whether we can do it any better.”

Should you use climate or weather?

Climate is composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years. Hence, in order to describe short period of atmospheric conditions use weather whereas, to describe atmospheric conditions over period of time use climate.

Climate is also used to describe a particular region and hence can be used as “I moved to much warmer climate”.