Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering as a career

This blog is about one of the options a student in 10th and 12th has. It talks about how 10th pass out students can choose their careers. It also talks about courses after 12th.

This branch of Engineering, famously abbreviated as E&TC, combines two different disciplines elevating its own relevance in modern India. Electronics Engineering utilizes design of Electronic circuits, devises and systems. Telecommunication utilises these devices and systems for communication over large distances in the world.

E&TC emerged on the horizon in the late nineteenth century with the advent of telegraphs. In early twentieth century, radios and telephones fuelled in the research in this field. People were attracted to radio by the technical fascination it inspired, first in receiving and then in transmitting.

Career as an E&TC engineer can be a very exciting in India. In India, you can be start working as an E&TC Engineer after B.E./B.Tech. In order to get into one of these courses you must have 10+2. In addition, in most of the colleges you must qualify Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). You may apply for direct second year admission in B.E. after completing Diploma in E&TC Engineering.

How would I know, I am Interested in this field?

This is a question we ask our students to ponder upon first. For choosing any field, you must be interested in that field. You should not enter into a field, because of peer pressure or parent’s insistence. So, how would you know if you are interested in Electronics and Tele-communication?

Our advice would be to see around you. You are surrounded by tons of electronic gadgets used for tele-communication. Do you like them? Do you ever wonder how TV’s work? How radio waves travel? How can I see same YouTube video on my phone and on my desktop? If the answer is yes. Its worth considering. Also, if you are in India, finding a person who is working in E&TC is is not that difficult. Discuss with them about their typical day at work. Ask them why do they like their jobs? What skills they think are important in order to pursue career in this field? These discussions may give you insights into what you may have to do for about 35 years of your life. Are you ready?

In addition to visit to your future workplace taking psychometric test is best way to judge your career options. It will help you understand your skills, preferences and personality types. Methods like Mayer’s Bragg Testing are statistically proven and can be easily read. For counselling you may consider the counsellor with industry experience.

What is the scope?

After completing Engineering course in E&TC you may land up in one of the following jobs?

Signal Processing

It deals with the analysis and manipulation of signals. Signals can be analogous or digital.

Telecommunication Engineering

It deals with the transmission of information across a channel such as a co-axial cable, optical fibre or free space. You may picture working for companies like Vodafone.

Control Engineering

It has a wide range of applications from the flight and propulsion systems of commercial airplanes to the cruise control present in many modern cars. It also plays an important role in industrial automation.

Computer engineering

This field includes the micro controller and its applications. Computer engineers may also work on a system’s software. However, the design of complex software systems is often the domain of software engineering, which is usually considered a separate discipline.

How much salary should I expect?

Freshers in E&TC Engineering may fetch average salary of about Rs. 2,94,272/- per annum. Once you are into this industry, career growth entirely depends on your knowledge, skills and communication skills. After joining the industry, within a period of six years, most of the people may fetch salary of about Rs. 9,00,000/- per annum. (Source: Payscale.com)

Entrance Exams

From last three years, most of the institutes in India have subscribed to Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). Apart from IITs and NITs, engineering colleges in the States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Odisha have joined JEE (Main) system.

In order to perform well in this exam, start your preparation early.

Computer Engineering as career options

Computer Engineering as a career

Computer Engineering has become one of the core branches of Engineering in modern times, one of the most popular in India. It has seen more innovation than any other branches of Engineering. Careers in Computer Engineering can be very exciting considering ever increasing role of computers in our lives.

In India, you can be start working as Computer Engineer after B.E./B.Tech or BCA/MCA. In order to get into one of these courses you must have 10+2. In addition, in most of the colleges you must qualify Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). You may apply for direct second year admission in B.E. after completing Diploma in Computer Engineering.

How would I know, I am interested in Computer Engineering?

This is a question we ask our students to ponder upon first. For choosing any field, you must be interested in that field. You should not enter into a field, because of peer pressure or parent’s insistence. So, how would you know if you are interested in Computer Engineering?

Our advice would be to go visit an IT professional. If you are in India, finding a person who is working with an IT company is not that difficulty. Discuss with them about typical day of a Computer Engineer. Ask them why do they like their jobs? What skills they think are important in order to pursue career in this field? These discussions may give you insights into what you may have to do for about 35 years of your life. Are you ready?

In addition to visit to your future workplace taking psychometric test is best way to judge your career options. It will help you understand your skills, preferences and personality types. Methods like Mayer’s Bragg Testing are statistically proven and can be easily read. For counselling you may consider the counsellor with industry experience.

What is the scope?

IT sector in India has plenty of jobs for fresh computer science graduates. Candidates from top notch engineering colleges however get attractive job offers from MNC IT companies in comparison to not so known engineering colleges. According to recent survey, candidates with sound Field Knowledge and good communication skills do not face problem in getting a job, irrespective of their college. Computer engineers can get jobs in non-IT companies like universities, research, private and public industries, government departments, business organisations, commercial organisations and the manufacturing sector, etc.

In general, you may find jobs in following sectors of Computer Engineering:

Coding, cryptography, and information protection

Computer engineers work in Coding, Cryptography, and Information Protection to develop new methods for protecting various information, such as digital images and music, fragmentation, copyright infringement and other forms of tampering.

Communications and wireless networks

Those focusing on communications and wireless networks, work advancements in tele-communications systems and networks (especially wireless networks), modulation and error-control coding, and information theory.

Compilers and operating systems

This specialty focuses on compilers and operating systems design and development. Engineers in this field develop new operating system architecture, program analysis techniques, and new techniques to assure quality.

Computational science and engineering

According to the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center, individuals working in this area, “computational methods are applied to formulate and solve complex mathematical problems in engineering and the physical and the social sciences”. Examples include aircraft design using Computer aided Engineering

Computer networks, mobile computing, and distributed systems

In this specialty, engineers build integrated environments for computing, communications, and information

Computer systems: architecture, parallel processing, and dependability

Engineers working in computer systems work on research projects that allow for reliable, secure, and high-performance computer systems. Projects such as designing processors for multi-threading and parallel processing are included in this field.

Computer vision and robotics

In this specialty, computer engineers focus on developing visual sensing technology to sense an environment, representation of an environment, and manipulation of the environment.

Embedded systems

Individuals working in this area design technology for enhancing the speed, reliability, and performance of systems. Embedded systems are found in many devices from a small FM radio to the space shuttle.

Integrated circuits, VLSI design, testing and CAD

This specialty of computer engineering requires adequate knowledge of electronics and electrical systems. Engineers working in this area work on enhancing the speed, reliability, and energy efficiency of next-generation very-large-scale integrated (VLSI) circuits and microsystems.

Signal, image and speech processing

Computer engineers in this area develop improvements in human–computer interaction, including speech recognition and synthesis, medical and scientific imaging, or communications systems.

How much salary should I expect?

Freshers in Computer Engineering may fetch average salary of about Rs. 2,46,360/- per annum. Once you are into this industry, career growth entirely depends on your knowledge, skills and communication skills. After joining the industry, within a period of six years, most of the people may fetch salary of about Rs. 9,00,000/- per annum. (Source: Payscale.com)

Entrance Exams

From last three years, most of the institutes in India have subscribed to Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). Apart from IITs and NITs, engineering colleges in the States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Odisha have joined JEE (Main) system.

In order to perform well in this exam, start your preparation early.

How to choose your career?

Career Counselling

Deciding career is one of the toughest jobs. Career counselling services help for sure but, there are few tips you can try home first. In this blog we are going to discuss about process that you can use to arrive at suitable career. In order to do that, students or parents need to ask few questions. Writing down answers with detailed explanation will help for sure.

In Indian context 10th and 12th standard exams are most important. Conventionally students make or break their careers at this juncture. Many are judged and labelled for lifetime based on results. It is not only exam of students but of their teachers, parents and siblings too. Exams would be over within two months from now, and question of lifetime would drop in, “What should I do now?” after the exams. Many parents guide their children towards conventional courses which parents are well informed about or they may suggest non-conventional courses based on success story they might have listened in their offices. Some students, rush towards their teachers, who no doubt have enormous subject knowledge, but may not been exposed to other fields.

What’s your dream?

Everybody has dream right from Martin Luther King to your Dudhwala. Given a chance everyone sees himself into a role. It can be anything: Engineer, Doctor, Police Inspector, Pharmacist, Marketing, Businessman, Defense person, Finance Guru, Teacher, Artist or Sportsperson. Write this dream down along with reasons, you have that dream. Reason can be “My father is an Engineer that’s why…” or “I think pilots have glamorous life-style and I want it too…” or “I always wanted to be a doctor because human body seems so simple and yet it is so complex”. Don’t judge your reasons. They will be really helpful in final analysis.

Have you checked your interest?

When was the last time you studied physics because you really liked it and not to crack a JEE question? Start listing down your interests. Your dreams and interests are different. Your dream is in future whereas your interest is in present. You enjoy pursuing your interests. List these interests too. They can be studying a subject thoroughly, talking to people what you read about, analysing things around you or observing people. You could also note down whether you like to work alone or in groups. This will help you narrow down not only courses but job types you may choose in future.

Based on answers to two questions, you will be able to judge your career vaguely. We are saying vaguely because there are few things you need to know about that career. Our suggestion is list two to three career options based on answers to these questions.

Are you informed?

Once you decide to go for a particular career, start collecting all relevant information. Relevant information most importantly consists of what are you going to do for next forty years of life. Getting through the course is one thing but pursuing the career for lifetime is altogether different. List down qualities, you will need to have for performing that job, over a sustained period of time. It can also give you an idea which qualities you should work on in case you decide to go for same career. For instance, you want to be a pilot, because you love glamorous lifestyle. In your interests you not down that you love airplanes and for your age your knowledge is surprisingly high. At the same time you note down that you like to work alone. Be alarmed. Pilot needs to work with people. There are people on ground and in air co-ordinating with him. Work on interpersonal skills.

Answers to these questions would clear your vision to great extent. Still there are few things to sort out.

What do you have currently?

After getting your career, likings and qualities required to pursue that career, it’s time for realistic check. Show the list to your parents, teachers, friends and people you think, can guide you. Most probably these people might have known you from many years. Discuss with them if a particular career is good for you. Consider getting your own SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis done. Go through your qualities and qualities required in that career, with their guidance. Match them. See what skills you need to learn. If the gap between two is too wide that’s when other two options we suggested previously come handy.

Also, research institutes which provide suitable courses; their curriculum and most importantly finances. By no means, we are suggesting that you should back out in case your financial condition is not good, we are suggesting you, to look for the options like loans and payoff periods after getting the job.

Are you well prepared for the entry?

Once you figure answers to aforementioned questions, start preparing for the exams. Most of you would be aware about your capabilities. Prepare a fool-proof plan accordingly. Discuss it with your advisors, parents and teachers. They can help you strategise for the entrance exams based on your strength and weaknesses.

In case, you are confused and haven’t got anything on your sheet, you should think of an option of career counselling. Career counsellor can help by giving you few tests and try to find out your interests, your skills. He can also guide about colleges, based on your interests, skills and financial conditions. Our suggestion, while choosing your Career Counsellor would be, to choose based on his experience in real life than his counselling experience alone. Counselling experience is always handy, but in times, when there are so many types of careers to choose from, real life experience counts more.

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