English Grammar: Present Continuous Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Present Continuous Tense and its applications in spoken English.

Present Continuous Tense is basic tense with shows the continuity of the activity in past, in general, used to talk about now.

Verb

In Present Continuous Tense, -ing is added at the end of the base form of a verb.

Make a statement

A statement in Present Continuous Tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

 you, we, they

are

drinking

coffee

He, she, it

is

drinking

coffee

you , we, they

are

not

drinking

coffee

He, she, it

is

not

drinking

coffee

Structure for a statement, in general, can be:

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb -ing + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + no, not, never + Main Verb-ing + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of present continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Are

you, we, they

drinking

coffee?

Is

he, she, it

drinking

coffee?

Are

you, we, they

not

drinking

coffee?

Is

he, she, it

not

drinking

coffee?

 

Now there are few situations where the present continuous tense is used.

Current Occurrence:

We use this tense for expressing the activities that are happening now, that is current occurrence of the activity. I am watching Big Bang theory on the television. This is the application of the present continuous tense that the action of watching the television is going on NOW.

He is fixing the car.

They are going to a party.

I am going for a walk.

Is he reaching in time?

Activity that is going on and may finish in fixed period

We use this tense when there is a temporary activity going on and is tend to get over in a fixed period of time.

Rena is visiting her aunt’s place for a week.

They are going to a camp for a day.

He is coming back after 2 hours

I am starting a foreign tour for a week

Planning and deciding future activities.

It also helps in planning and deciding the future activities.

We are planning to go swimming tomorrow.

He is planning to switch career.

I am planning a vacation next week.

They are deciding to go rafting.

Keep encouraging with your likes and shares. We really appreciate your feedback.

Leave a Reply