English Grammar: Simple present tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Simple Present Tense and it supplications in spoken English.

Simple present tense is basic tense, in general, used to talk about now.

Verb

In Simple Present Tense, a basic form of a verb is used. It changes based on the subject by adding -s/-es at the end in case subject used is third person singular.

Make a statement

A statement in simple present tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

like

coffee

He, she, it

likes

coffee

I, you , we, they

do

not

like

coffee

He, she, it

does

not

like

coffee

Structure for a positive statement, in general, can be:

Subject + Verb + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + Main Verb + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of simple present tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary VerbSubjectMain VerbObject

Do

I, you, we, they

like

coffee?

Does

He, she, it

like

coffee?

Do

not

I, you, we, they

like

coffee?

Does

not

He, she, it

like

coffee?

In general structure of interrogative sentence can be

Auxiliary verb + Subject + Main verb + Object ? (positive question)

Auxiliary verb + not + Subject + Main verb + Object ? (negative question)

Applications of Simple present tense

There are many applications of simple present tense. Following is a list of the applications in general.

1.     Mentioning facts

All facts which are indisputable are stated in Simple present tense. It doesn’t matter if they have already happened in past. What matters is if they happened yesterday, happening today and will happen tomorrow? Following are examples

The sun rises in the east.

People need food.

It snows in winter.

The sky isn’t green.

2.     Talking about habits

While talking about your daily habits you may use Simple present tense.

Do you pray GOD every day?

I play tennis every Tuesday.

We often go to the cinema.

She gets up at seven o’clock every day.

3.     Narrating about books, films, and sports

While narrating about the book you just read or films you just watched or game that you just saw, simple present tense comes handy. This is because you are trying to recreate the magic for your friends and want them re-live the experience.

The hero dies at the end of the film.

A young man travels through Europe, where he meets different people.

In this book, an army invades Britain.

The main character is very a young student and works in a bookshop.

4.     Discussing a fixed timetable or plan

Simple present tense is used in discussing routine timetables or plans.

School begins at 11.30 am tomorrow.

Our train leaves at eleven.

What time does the film start?

The train arrives at seven, it leaves at seven thirty.

5.     Expressing thoughts, feelings, and states

Thoughts and feelings are always mentioned in simple present tense since you are in that moment.

It matters a great deal to him to win the game.

They feel a lot of loyalty to the company.

Ramesh doubts the truth of his statement.

She deeply regrets saying those nasty things about him.

6.     Newspapers and headlines

Headlines employ simple present tense in order to recreate the event in your imagination.

Police discover many more dead bodies.

Something wrong in Jet Crash, expert says.

Police begin a campaign to run down Naxalites.

Drunk gets nine months imprisonment.

7.     For instructions and directions

Have you ever read instructions on your shampoo bottle, they are always in simple present tense.

Mix the flour & water together, then add sugar.

Go straight on & take your first right.

Open your books and read loudly.

Park your vehicle here.

8.     In declaration or promise

I declare this pet show open.

I promise you, I won’t do anything stupid.

I assure you everything will be all right.

I announce the program is over.

 

I hope this helps. Your likes, comments and shares are highly appreciated.

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