English Grammar: Simple Future Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Simple present tense and it applications in spoken English.

Simple future tense is a basic tense, in general used to talk about possibilities or intentions in general.

Verb

In simple future tense, first form of verb is used with Auxiliary verb: will or shall. Now, Victorian English suggests us to use only shall with first person. This is no longer followed by majority. In order to understand their modern day usage, please follow our blog here.

Make a statement

A statement in simple Future Tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

will

play

cricket

He, she, it

will

play

cricket

I, you , we, they

will

not

play

cricket

He, she, it

will

not

play

cricket

Structure for positive statement in general can be:

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + first form of Verb + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + first form of Main Verb + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. Following can be use of Simple Future Tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Will

I, you, we, they

play

cricket?

Will

He, she, it

play

cricket?

Will

not

I, you, we, they

play

cricket?

Will

not

He, she, it

play

cricket?

In general structure of interrogative sentence can be

Auxiliary verb + Subject + first form of Main verb + Object ? (positive question)

Auxiliary verb + not + Subject + first form of Main verb + Object ? (negative question)

Applications of Simple Future Tense

There are many applications of Simple Future Tense. Following is a list of the applications in general.

1.     Express a voluntary action.

A voluntary action is one, the speaker offers to do for someone else. We use “will” to respond to someone else’s complaint or request for help. We also use “will” when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use “will not” or “won’t” when we refuse to voluntarily do something.

I will send you the information when I get it.

I will translate the email, so Mr. Subhash can read it.

Will you help me move this heavy table?

Will you make dinner?

2.     Promise

Your promises to complete a particular action must be expressed in Simple Future Tense.

I will call you when I arrive.

I will prepare a tasty cake on your birthday.

I promise I will not tell anybody about the party.

Don’t worry, I’ll be careful.

3.     Prediction

Predictions about future canbe presented in Simple Future Tense.

The year 2015 will be a very interesting year.

Narendra Modi will be the next Prime Minister.

The movie “Two States” will win several Awards.

4.     Plans

You may express your plans using Simple Future Tense.

I will start my journey at 5.10 in morning.

I will meet you at station at around 7 O’clock.

She will reach home in time.

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