English Grammar: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Present perfect continuous tense and its applications in spoken English.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense is mainly used to express as the activity that started in the past and is still continuing in the present and you can express the time from when the activity started.

Verb

In present perfect continuous tense the verb is expressed by adding -ing at the end and by using an auxiliary verb before the actual verb in the sentence.

Make a statement

A statement in Present perfect continuous tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

have been

drinking

coffee

He, she, it

has been

drinking

coffee

I, you , we, they

have

not been

drinking

coffee

He, she, it

has

not been

drinking

coffee

Structure for statement in general can be:

Subject + has/have + been + Verb –ing form + Object (positive statement)

Subject + has/have + no, not, never + been + Verb-ing form + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. Following can be use of present perfect continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Have

you, we, they

been

drinking

coffee?

Has

He, she, it

been

drinking

coffee?

Have

you, we, they

not been

drinking

coffee?

Have

He, she, it

not been

drinking

coffee ?

Has/have + been + Subject + Verb -ing form + Object (positive question)

Has/have + Subject + no, not, never + been + Verb -ing form + Object (negative question)

Now there are few situations where the present perfect continuous tense is used.

Time Duration

This tense is used to express the time duration of the activity.

  • He has been watching TV for 2 hours.
  • They have been working hard for the last month.
  • I have been jogging for past 1 hour.

Temporary Activity

Temporary activity going on and is tend to get over in a fixed period of time.

  • They have been living here for two days.
  • He has been going to classes daily.
  • I have been doing what I am told to do.

Thanks a lot. Please keep encouraging with your shares and likes

Leave a Reply