English Grammar: Future Continuous Tense

During our Business English: speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Future continuous tense and its applications in spoken English.

Future continuous tense signifies that the action shall start at some unspecified time in future and shall continue in distant future or up till a given point of time.

Verb

In Future continuous tense the sentence is formed by adding -ing at the end of the verb and using an auxiliary verb (will be) before the actual verb in the sentence.

Make a statement

A statement in Future continuous tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

Will

be

cooking

Food

He, she, it

Will

be

cooking

Food

I, you , we, they

Will

not be

cooking

Food

He, she, it

Will

not be

cooking

Food

Structure for statement in general can be:

Subject +Auxiliary Verb + be + Verb-ing + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + be + Verb-ing + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. Following can be use of Future continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Will

you, we, they

be

cooking

food?

Will

he, she, it

be

cooking

food?

Will

you, we, they

be not

cooking

food?

Will

he, she, it

be not

cooking

food?

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + be + Main Verb –ing + Object (positive question)

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + be + not + Main Verb –ing + Object (negative question)

Now there are few situations where the Future continuous tense is used.

Occurrence in future and shall continue

Future Continuous Tense is to describe an activity that will occur in the future and continue for a certain period of time.

  • Jack will be staying in Paris next week.
  • She will be going to Dubai for a meeting.
  • She will be traveling for promotion after a year.
  • He will be starting the job after the holiday.

Activities that started now and will end in future

It is used to express an activity that will continue over a period of time from now (present) and shall end in the future.

  • They will be playing till the evening.
  • She will be studying till the dawn breaks.
  • He will be training him till he is excellent.
  • They will be revolting until the government changes

Parallel actions in future

When you use the Future Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same point of time. The actions are parallel.

  • I will be cooking and he is going to serve dinner.
  • Tonight, they will be celebrating Christmas, and will have a good time.
  • While I will be reading out the lesson, ever body shall be looking at the book.
  • While he will be playing outside, I will be completing the household chores.

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