GRE Vocabulary: Confusing words 1

We have picked up few confusing words on GRE in this series of blogs.

Breach and Broach

Breach

Used as a noun

  1. an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.

“a breach of confidence”

  1. a gap in a wall, barrier, or defence, especially one made by an attacking army.

“a breach in the mountain wall”

Used as a verb

  1. make a gap in and break through (a wall, barrier, or defence).

“The rocket breached all speed.”

  1. (of a whale) rise and break through the surface of the water.

“We saw dolphins breaching through surface of the water.”

Broach

Used as noun

  1. Machinery; a tool used for elongating the hole

Used as verb

  1. Raise for discussion/ to mention or suggest for the first time

“He broached the subject, which the house was avoiding for a long period of time.”

  1. To tap or pierce

“He broached beer from keg”

Vindicate and Vindictive

Vindicate

Used as a verb

  1. to clear from accusation, set free

“The court vindicates the accuse”

  1. to justify

“Subsequent evidences vindicated his intentions.”

Vindictive

Used as an adjective

  1. disposed or inclined towards revenge

“After the incident, he turned vindictive.”

  1. Proceeding from or showing revengeful spirit

“vindictive rumors”

Useful Vocabulary: Collocations in writing 2

Encouraged by response to our previous post on Collocations we are introducing new sets of collocations this week. These will definitely help you improve vocabulary

A collocation is a sequence of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance. Instead of going through technicality we are introducing few workable set of words which can be definitely used in Business English, GRE, TOEFL and IELTS.

  1. Workable solution

Usage: to describe a feasible fixture/ solution for the task at hand

Example: “As far as pollution is concerned, reducing carbon emission is the only workable solution.”

  1. Fruitful results

Usage: results which are positive and intended

Example: Our efforts in the case of the celebrity have borne the fruitful results as the court has denied the bail to her.

  1. Unexpected results/outcomes/consequences

Usage: results which may be negative or positive but not intended for sure

Example: This line of medical treatment is not on expected timeline, we are observing unexpected consequences of the medicines.

  1. Adverse effect

Usage: to denote effects which are unfavorable or antagonistic results

Example: This medicine is good for treating high blood pressure, but can also have some adverse effects, such as light-headedness.

  1. Unpardonable offense

Usage: to convey the offense that is very serious and cannot be forgiven

Example: Domestic violence against women must be treated as unpardonable offense, if we wish to see gender equality in India.

  1. Punishable act

Usage: actions which are worth punishment and should not be shown mercy

Example: The latest news about an Indian politician shook him. He said, “How could he not be arrested for punishable act?”

  1. Devastating effects/impact/consequence

Usage: to denote the highest form of destruction as result of the particular action

Example: Lack of mapping in India had a devastating impact on rescue operations during tsunami.

  1. Invaluable contribution

Usage: to imply contribution that is of immense value

Example: Mahatma Gandhi had invaluable contribution to India’s Freedom struggle

  1. Unchallenging faith

Usage: to ascertain the faith that cannot be challenged

Example: Have unchallenging faith on my methods, in order to crack GRE comfortably.

  1. Unprecedented growth

Usage: to express the astonishing growth that was unseen or unexpected

Example: Because of foreign investments, India has witnessed unprecedented growth in her cities.

  1. Undesirable results/consequences/effects

Usage: results which were not desired or not wished for (normally negative)

Example: Unprecedented growth in Indian cities has brought in undesirable effects such as traffic jams.

  1. Enviable growth

Usage: to denote that the growth rate or amount, so healthy that some may envy the progress

Example: Mr. Grover’s new BMW car was testimony to his enviable growth.

  1. Multifaceted career

Usage: career which is rich with multiple skills and achievements

Example: My father always insisted on having multifaceted career so that, I can have bright future.

  1. Ruthless crimes

Usage: A crime which was committed without worrying about the pain inflected or compassion

Example: She could feel shivers through her spine as she was reading about the ruthless crime.

  1. Cold-blooded murder

Usage: Murder or act of killing someone without a tinge of regret or any emotions

Example: While writing his new novel, author wanted describe cold-blooded murder in most elaborative fashion.

  1. Unending options

Usage: Multiple options that may seem without any end

Example: Unending options on telephone call just for ordering Pizza was irritating for her, so she chose to hang up and went to the restaurant.

  1. Thoughtless acts

Usage: Actions that were without any consideration of consequences

Example: As a teenager, she did not understand why her parents question her every action and judge it to be a thoughtless act.

  1. Burgeoning price/demand

Usage: Prices or demands which are increasing rapidly

Example: He knew, to match with kid’s burgeoning demands, he needs to ask for a raise in his salary.

Useful Vocabulary: Collocations in writing

A collocation is a sequence of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance. Instead of going through technicality we are introducing few workable set of words which can be definitely used in Business English, GRE, TOEFL and IELTS.

Have

  1. have a drink

Usage: offer a drink (for free off course)

Example: “Let’s have drinks and try to see through our problems.”

  1. have a problem

Usage: use this collocation to introduce the problem

Example: “Do you have a problem with that?”; “Just let me know if you have any problem”; “Sir, I am having a problem with office timing”

Do

  1. do business

Usage: use this collocation to imply someone owns a particular business

Example: “We do business in textiles.”, “What business do you do?”

  1. do the shopping

Usage: use this collocation to describe the process / habbit of shopping

Example: “He does his shopping only at big malls as he is brand conscious.”

Make

  1. make money

Usage: gain

Example: “You must enter new markets now to make money.” “Making money now a days is not matter of hard work.”

  1. Make progress

Usage: to move forward from current state in business or other affairs

Example: “Your child is making significant progress.” “Our project is not making progress, in spite of recent additions to the team.”

  1. Make an effort

Usage: Attempt

Example: “Make It doesn’t matter to me one way or another, but I wish you would at least make an effort at seeing his side of it.”

Take

  1. Take a chance

Usage: try luck at

Example: “It is very obvious that Government may fail in this project, but at least they must take a chance. Who knows, they may succeed?”

  1. Take a look

Usage: to look with attention

Example: “I would be fortunate, if you take a look at my new blog.”, “Did you take look at yourself, before making such a bold statement?”

General

  1. Incredible performance/tale/wealth/talent etc.

Usage: used to describe something, which is beyond expectations

Example: “Our company has, once again, delivered incredible performance.”, “In spite of incredible talent, India is lacking innovation.”, “For incredible performance in GRE, you must work on your vocabulary.”

  1. Stringent action/steps/guidelines/measures/punishment etc.

Usage: used to state actions/steps…., which are strict and must be followed without doubt

Example: “India must take stringent actions against countries sponsoring terrorism.”, “To score better in IELTS, one must follow stringent guidelines.”

  1. Unwanted consequences

Usage: used to describe results which are not expected or considered

Example: “Fair competition and open market are greatest outcomes of Capitalism but empowerment of wealthy is unwanted consequence.”

  1. Dire consequences

Usage: used to describe which are not only unexpected but ghastly and detrimental

Example: “If you do not comply with the tyrant King, your actions may lead to dire consequence”

  1. Inevitable consequence

Usage: used to describe results which are obvious and follow naturally

Example: “Inevitable consequence of ignoring basic Mathematical formulae is low scores in Quantitative section on you GRE.”

  1. Utter failure

Usage: used to describe results/attempts which end up in absolute failure even without any partial positive outcome

Example: “Attempting speaking section of TOEFL without even practicing home ends up in utter failure.”

  1. Sheer ignorance

Usage: used to describe unqualified or complete lack of knowledge

Example: “John was surprised by the format of speaking section on TOEFL. He blamed his sheer ignorance on tutor.”

  1. Grave negligence

Usage: used to describe apathy/ inattention towards something

Example: “The committee remarked his grave negligence, and attributed the ghastly accident to his attitude.”

  1. Adequate resources

Usage: used to describe resources at disposal to solve an issue is good enough

Example: “If you want to perform better on GRE, senior’s notes are not adequate resources.”

  1. Appropriate action/solution

Usage: used to describe suitable action/ solution

Example: “Owing to recent incidence in India, Prime Minister must take appropriate actions.”

  1. Workable solution

Usage: used to describe a feasible fixture/ solution for the task at hand

Example: “As far as pollution is concerned, reducing carbon emission is the only workable solution.”

Keep visiting us for more such collocations. Your suggestions are more than useful for us.

Vocabulary: Discrete VS Discreet

Discreet implies the showing of reserve and prudence in one’s behavior or speech.

Discrete means something quite different: “distinct, separate and unrelated.”

DISCRETE

It originates from Latin word – Discretus (Separated)

Discrete mainly means the expression of something being very Different/Unique and separated.

Used as Verb

To express the meaning of difference

“For making the lesson more easy, they discrete them into various segments”

Used as Adjective

To express the uniqueness of the object

“His ideas were always discrete, regardless of any situation”

DISCREET

It originates from Middle English Discret

Discreet is the word used to express the extreme inclination or support of anything or anybody towards anyone or anything.

Used as Adjective

It is used to indicate if judicious in one’s conduct or speech

“The French language was to be enriched by a development of its internal resources and by discreet borrowing from the Latin and Greek.”

Conclusion

When you differentiate between two things then you use discrete to state the differentiation of both the things

But, when you are reserved or judicious for some person or something, you shall be using discreet to express your reserved attitude towards the person or the things.

RETROSPECT your past, INTROSPECT yourself & SPECULATE a better future

Our state of mind reflects our moods or attitude in life. Sometimes we feel happy and sometimes sad; recalling what we did and what could have happened? In order to annotate these situations, knowing appropriate words is very important. This post shall help you to materialize these words in the following paragraphs.

RETROSPECT—

While looking back and contemplating the past — we sometimes find ourselves wishing that we had done some things differently. Though this word most commonly appears as a noun in the phrase “in retrospect,” it can also be used as a verb.

It’s Origin

The prefix retro- means “back,” and spec is a component of the words inspect, spectator, spectacles, and perspective, among others, all of which have to do with looking or seeing. So it makes sense that retrospect means to look back in time, or to remember

For Example: “To meditate is to retrospect ones deeds”

INTROSPECT –

“to look inside,” and describes the act of thinking about your own actions or inner thoughts. When you examine what you do, say, think or feel and how it affects your life and the lives of others, that’s introspection.

It’s Origin

Intro means “within,” while spec is from the Latin for “look.” So you can tell that the word means the act of “looking within.”

It’s like searching inside in order to understand yourself — what some people mock as “navel gazing.”

For example: Nineteenth-century philosopher William Godwin once said, “The philosophy of the wisest man that ever existed is mainly derived from the act of introspection.”

SPECULATE –

When you speculate, you use what you know to make a prediction about an outcome,

It’s Origin

It is having a Latin origin, speculatus, meaning “to spy out, examine

For Example: After completing his graduation from a foreign university, Mohit Speculated a high paid and prestigious job.

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Are effects of your poor English affecting your career?

Yes! If this is the answer, we are here to help you out.

We have observed that there are few grammatical mistakes that usually occur unconsciously during speaking or writing English.  The words “affect” and “effect” are frequently misused and confused. They have no senses in common.  Both words can be used either as nouns or verbs. But “affect” is almost always a verb, whereas “effect” is more commonly used as a noun than it is as a verb.

Now we will simplify the use of affect and effect as both noun and verb as given in the below tabular format.

NOUN

VERB

AFFECT

 Although it is not used in daily conversations, it is sometimes used as a Psychological term.

When ‘affect’ is used as verb, it implies that the word is used to have an influence on; to impress or to move; to produce a change in something or someone

For Example:

His study was intended to show how alcohol affects the reaction time of medicine.

EFFECT

Effect is used as noun in a sentence when it shows any result or outcome from some specific activity.

For Example:

They discussed the effects of mediation on Corporate.

When Effect is used as a verb in a sentence it usually implies To produce a result. To cause something to occur; to bring about an outcome.

For Example:

Cutbacks were introduce to effect basic economics of the firm.

CONCLUSION

So be ready to make almost all verbs “affect.”

 And be ready to make virtually all nouns “effect.”

English Vocabulary: Homophones

Homophones are words with same pronunciation with different meaning and/or spelling. The words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of “rise”), or differently, such as carat, caret, and carrot, or to, two, and too. Homophones that are spelled the same are also both homographs and homonyms. But that can be discussed at some other time.

Recently in one of our blogs we had asked our readers if they knew about homophones. We got tremendous response over social media. We decided to make a list and publish it over here.

airheir
aisleisle
ante-anti-
eyeI
barebear
bebee
brakebreak
buyby
cellsell
centscent
cerealserial
coarsecourse
complementcompliment
damdamn
deardeer
diedye
fairfare
firfur
flourflower
forfour
hairhare
healheel
hearhere
himhymn
holewhole
hourour
idleidol
ininn
knightnight
knotnot
knowno
mademaid
mailmale
meatmeet
morningmourning
nonenun
oaror
onewon
pairpear
peacepiece
plainplane
poorpour
prayprey
principalprinciple
profitprophet
realreel
rightwrite
rootroute
sailsale
seasee
seamseem
sightsite
sewso
shoresure
solesoul
somesum
sonsun
stairstare
stationarystationery
stealsteel
suitesweet
tailtale
theirthere
totoo
toetow
waistwaste
waitweight
wayweigh
weakweek
wearwhere

 

Ensure you use Assure and Insure right.

Assure, Ensure and Insure

Many people are not sure, if they should assure ensure insure other person. We are going to cover the difference between these three words today.

Assure

Assure originates from as + secure where as- is variant ad- meaning towards.

Used as verb

  1. To declare earnestly or positively to give confidence

“He assured her that everything would be alright.”

  1. To promise

“The airliner assured safe landing considering their recent history of landings.”

In short, assure is used to indicate confidence in actions or steps taken by the person. It is used to remove any doubts in people’s minds, involved in the activity.

Ensure

Ensure originates from en + sure where en- is a prefix meaning to cause to

Used as verb

  1. To secure or guarantee

“The letter from BCCI ensured that guilty players would face stern action.”

In short, ensure is used in order to guarantee a particular action will be taken. It is used to promise an activity that eventually will result in desired result.

Insure

Insure is a variant of ensure

Used as Verb

  1. To guarantee against harm or loss

“Thank God! Your car is insured.”

In short, insure is used to guarantee that even in case of unexpected results harm or loss will be compensated by its equivalent trade.

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Borrow, lend and loan: What’s the difference?

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Borrow

It originates from Middle English –borowen

Used as Verb

  1. To take something by promising to return which is same or equivalent

“I borrowed electric guitar for the concert at last minute.”

  1. To use from another source

“His ideas about dining chairs are not original; they are borrowed from the magazine.”

  1. (Arithmatic) to take from denomination and to add to lower

Lend

It originates from Middle English –lenden

Used as Verb

  1. Allow use of something of your own on condition that it or its equivalent is returned

“Could you lend me some money? I promise to return them back.”

  1. To give helpfully

“He lends his contribution through Academy’s aid for floods.”

  1. To furnish

“Distances lend enhancement of views”

Loan

It originates from Middle English –lon(e)

Used as noun

  1. Act of lending something temporarily for use

“I had, loan of a book”

  1. Something given on terms of interests

“Giving loans on interest is a profitable business.”

Used as verb

  1. To lend (money) on interest

“I asked couple of banks if they could loan me some money for my business”

So, in summary, borrow is used by the one who receives in the transaction. Lend and loan are used by the giver in the transaction almost interchangeably. In these times, lending something is not much attached with interest whereas loan is attached with interest.

Thanks for your attention. Keep looking at this space.

Talking about morality

Talking about morality can sometime be confusing. Can you confidently tell difference between amoral and immoral? Here is the guideline.

Amoral

It originates from a- + moral

Adjective

  1. (acts) not concerned with morality; neither moral or immoral

An amoral society will eventually destroy itself.

  1. (people) having no moral standards or oblivious to standards of morality

Andrew for his part is one in a long line of highly intelligent and charismatic yet utterly amoral Buchan villains.

Immoral

It originates from im- + moral

Adjective

  1. (people or groups or behaviour) violating moral principle; not adhering to patterns of conduct accepted by society as moral

The sale of slaves (male and female) for immoral and gladiatorial purposes was forbidden.

  1. Licentious

Bacchan was unscrupulous, insincere and notoriously immoral, but he was pleasing in his manners.

I hope you liked today’s post. Please leave your comments below. We would be happy to see those.

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