GRE Vocabulary: Confusing words 1

We have picked up few confusing words on GRE in this series of blogs.

Breach and Broach

Breach

Used as a noun

  1. an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.

“a breach of confidence”

  1. a gap in a wall, barrier, or defence, especially one made by an attacking army.

“a breach in the mountain wall”

Used as a verb

  1. make a gap in and break through (a wall, barrier, or defence).

“The rocket breached all speed.”

  1. (of a whale) rise and break through the surface of the water.

“We saw dolphins breaching through surface of the water.”

Broach

Used as noun

  1. Machinery; a tool used for elongating the hole

Used as verb

  1. Raise for discussion/ to mention or suggest for the first time

“He broached the subject, which the house was avoiding for a long period of time.”

  1. To tap or pierce

“He broached beer from keg”

Vindicate and Vindictive

Vindicate

Used as a verb

  1. to clear from accusation, set free

“The court vindicates the accuse”

  1. to justify

“Subsequent evidences vindicated his intentions.”

Vindictive

Used as an adjective

  1. disposed or inclined towards revenge

“After the incident, he turned vindictive.”

  1. Proceeding from or showing revengeful spirit

“vindictive rumors”

Expressing general point of view

General point of view is often used to back your position either in conversation or writing. They are used to discuss general observations which are evident but may not be quantifiable. These phrases are very useful for students preparing for GRE, IELTS and TOEFL.

  1. It is thought that…

Usage: M.S. Dhoni is a good captain and it is thought that, whichever team he leads, will definitely reach final rounds of the tournament, no matter how known players in the team are.

  1. Most/Many people would say that…

Usage: Many people in India would say that, recent Brussels attacks are comparable to Pathankot attacks.

  1. It is widely accepted that…

Usage: In Indian culture, it is widely accepted that, son of the family owns the responsibility of the parents.

  1. It is considered that…

Usage: Most of the neighbors found the new resident a bit odd. It is considered that a good neighbor helps others, but in this case it was not true.

These expressions are usually used when a speaker or an author wishes to describe a general thought held by almost all people around. As seen in above examples, even though statistics backing the claim are not available with communicator, the statement perfectly resonates with most of Indians.

  1. Few people may say that…

Usage: Although few people may say that, Internet isolates individuals; in my understanding it is a perfect way connecting people.

This expression is used to take the credit of an argument away. If a particular thought is represented by very few, then it must be wrong.

We encourage your suggestions for our blogs.

How to invite colleagues and clients | Business English

In many business situations one needs to invite colleagues or clients on multiple occasions. Way of invitation is an important aspect of the communication as it may influence decision of the invitee. We will look into few relevant phrases over here.

InvitationsReply
What are you doing tomorrow?Nothing special. Why?
To Seniors/Clients

Can I invite you_______?

Would you join us _________?

Would you like to join us____?

Does it suit your schedule to join us _____?

Do you think, you can make it?

 

I will be delighted!

Off course! I will.

Call me up__________.

Yes! It suits me perfectly.

To Colleagues

How about going to______?

Would you care to_______?

Could you join us______?

I am sure you can take some time off for us to___.

 

I don’t mind.

Let’s do it.

It’s all right with me.

Sure. Why not?

Fine!

To juniors

Come over to conference room ________.

Are you busy? Can you join us____?

 

Sure.

No? With pleasure

 

Prakash:We are planning to throw a small party on Saturday evening. It is for our friends who are shifting to Australia next month. Do you think you and your wife can make it?
Dileep:We would like to come but I am afraid my wife has an appointment with the dentist that day.
Prakash:Any time between 6 and 8 is alright. I think evening parties work out for working people well. You need not show up on time.
Dileep:I quite agree. Still, I don’t think we will be able to make it between 6 and 8.
Prakash:But, I will not take ‘no’ for an answer
Dileep:Good. I think I’ll talk to her. Do we dress?
Prakash:No, just wear the way you like. Also, tell your wife, we shall serve her special snacks so that she won’t have trouble with her teeth.
Dileep:I am sure, she won’t be able to say no to that. I think we will be a bit late then…
Prakash:Come any time you like…
Dileep:Thanks you.
Prakash:Until next week… goodbye
Dileep:Goodbye and take care…

If you want to compete successfully in today’s global workplace, Business English course is for you. You will develop the fluency, accuracy and specific communication skills required to advance confidently in your chosen career. Highly qualified Career Care trainers ensure that participants are encouraged to develop speaking and listening skills that are required in meetings, negotiations and on telephone.

Know more about our Business English courses in Pune

Useful Vocabulary: Collocations in writing 2

Encouraged by response to our previous post on Collocations we are introducing new sets of collocations this week. These will definitely help you improve vocabulary

A collocation is a sequence of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance. Instead of going through technicality we are introducing few workable set of words which can be definitely used in Business English, GRE, TOEFL and IELTS.

  1. Workable solution

Usage: to describe a feasible fixture/ solution for the task at hand

Example: “As far as pollution is concerned, reducing carbon emission is the only workable solution.”

  1. Fruitful results

Usage: results which are positive and intended

Example: Our efforts in the case of the celebrity have borne the fruitful results as the court has denied the bail to her.

  1. Unexpected results/outcomes/consequences

Usage: results which may be negative or positive but not intended for sure

Example: This line of medical treatment is not on expected timeline, we are observing unexpected consequences of the medicines.

  1. Adverse effect

Usage: to denote effects which are unfavorable or antagonistic results

Example: This medicine is good for treating high blood pressure, but can also have some adverse effects, such as light-headedness.

  1. Unpardonable offense

Usage: to convey the offense that is very serious and cannot be forgiven

Example: Domestic violence against women must be treated as unpardonable offense, if we wish to see gender equality in India.

  1. Punishable act

Usage: actions which are worth punishment and should not be shown mercy

Example: The latest news about an Indian politician shook him. He said, “How could he not be arrested for punishable act?”

  1. Devastating effects/impact/consequence

Usage: to denote the highest form of destruction as result of the particular action

Example: Lack of mapping in India had a devastating impact on rescue operations during tsunami.

  1. Invaluable contribution

Usage: to imply contribution that is of immense value

Example: Mahatma Gandhi had invaluable contribution to India’s Freedom struggle

  1. Unchallenging faith

Usage: to ascertain the faith that cannot be challenged

Example: Have unchallenging faith on my methods, in order to crack GRE comfortably.

  1. Unprecedented growth

Usage: to express the astonishing growth that was unseen or unexpected

Example: Because of foreign investments, India has witnessed unprecedented growth in her cities.

  1. Undesirable results/consequences/effects

Usage: results which were not desired or not wished for (normally negative)

Example: Unprecedented growth in Indian cities has brought in undesirable effects such as traffic jams.

  1. Enviable growth

Usage: to denote that the growth rate or amount, so healthy that some may envy the progress

Example: Mr. Grover’s new BMW car was testimony to his enviable growth.

  1. Multifaceted career

Usage: career which is rich with multiple skills and achievements

Example: My father always insisted on having multifaceted career so that, I can have bright future.

  1. Ruthless crimes

Usage: A crime which was committed without worrying about the pain inflected or compassion

Example: She could feel shivers through her spine as she was reading about the ruthless crime.

  1. Cold-blooded murder

Usage: Murder or act of killing someone without a tinge of regret or any emotions

Example: While writing his new novel, author wanted describe cold-blooded murder in most elaborative fashion.

  1. Unending options

Usage: Multiple options that may seem without any end

Example: Unending options on telephone call just for ordering Pizza was irritating for her, so she chose to hang up and went to the restaurant.

  1. Thoughtless acts

Usage: Actions that were without any consideration of consequences

Example: As a teenager, she did not understand why her parents question her every action and judge it to be a thoughtless act.

  1. Burgeoning price/demand

Usage: Prices or demands which are increasing rapidly

Example: He knew, to match with kid’s burgeoning demands, he needs to ask for a raise in his salary.

Useful Vocabulary: Collocations in writing

A collocation is a sequence of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance. Instead of going through technicality we are introducing few workable set of words which can be definitely used in Business English, GRE, TOEFL and IELTS.

Have

  1. have a drink

Usage: offer a drink (for free off course)

Example: “Let’s have drinks and try to see through our problems.”

  1. have a problem

Usage: use this collocation to introduce the problem

Example: “Do you have a problem with that?”; “Just let me know if you have any problem”; “Sir, I am having a problem with office timing”

Do

  1. do business

Usage: use this collocation to imply someone owns a particular business

Example: “We do business in textiles.”, “What business do you do?”

  1. do the shopping

Usage: use this collocation to describe the process / habbit of shopping

Example: “He does his shopping only at big malls as he is brand conscious.”

Make

  1. make money

Usage: gain

Example: “You must enter new markets now to make money.” “Making money now a days is not matter of hard work.”

  1. Make progress

Usage: to move forward from current state in business or other affairs

Example: “Your child is making significant progress.” “Our project is not making progress, in spite of recent additions to the team.”

  1. Make an effort

Usage: Attempt

Example: “Make It doesn’t matter to me one way or another, but I wish you would at least make an effort at seeing his side of it.”

Take

  1. Take a chance

Usage: try luck at

Example: “It is very obvious that Government may fail in this project, but at least they must take a chance. Who knows, they may succeed?”

  1. Take a look

Usage: to look with attention

Example: “I would be fortunate, if you take a look at my new blog.”, “Did you take look at yourself, before making such a bold statement?”

General

  1. Incredible performance/tale/wealth/talent etc.

Usage: used to describe something, which is beyond expectations

Example: “Our company has, once again, delivered incredible performance.”, “In spite of incredible talent, India is lacking innovation.”, “For incredible performance in GRE, you must work on your vocabulary.”

  1. Stringent action/steps/guidelines/measures/punishment etc.

Usage: used to state actions/steps…., which are strict and must be followed without doubt

Example: “India must take stringent actions against countries sponsoring terrorism.”, “To score better in IELTS, one must follow stringent guidelines.”

  1. Unwanted consequences

Usage: used to describe results which are not expected or considered

Example: “Fair competition and open market are greatest outcomes of Capitalism but empowerment of wealthy is unwanted consequence.”

  1. Dire consequences

Usage: used to describe which are not only unexpected but ghastly and detrimental

Example: “If you do not comply with the tyrant King, your actions may lead to dire consequence”

  1. Inevitable consequence

Usage: used to describe results which are obvious and follow naturally

Example: “Inevitable consequence of ignoring basic Mathematical formulae is low scores in Quantitative section on you GRE.”

  1. Utter failure

Usage: used to describe results/attempts which end up in absolute failure even without any partial positive outcome

Example: “Attempting speaking section of TOEFL without even practicing home ends up in utter failure.”

  1. Sheer ignorance

Usage: used to describe unqualified or complete lack of knowledge

Example: “John was surprised by the format of speaking section on TOEFL. He blamed his sheer ignorance on tutor.”

  1. Grave negligence

Usage: used to describe apathy/ inattention towards something

Example: “The committee remarked his grave negligence, and attributed the ghastly accident to his attitude.”

  1. Adequate resources

Usage: used to describe resources at disposal to solve an issue is good enough

Example: “If you want to perform better on GRE, senior’s notes are not adequate resources.”

  1. Appropriate action/solution

Usage: used to describe suitable action/ solution

Example: “Owing to recent incidence in India, Prime Minister must take appropriate actions.”

  1. Workable solution

Usage: used to describe a feasible fixture/ solution for the task at hand

Example: “As far as pollution is concerned, reducing carbon emission is the only workable solution.”

Keep visiting us for more such collocations. Your suggestions are more than useful for us.

Best Practices in Business Writing

Our last blog, “Organization in Writing” was very well received. Thanks for your responses. In this blog we hope to explain few things about the writing process itself.

Writing process consists of four main stages as follows

  1. Data collection
  2. Pre-writing
  3. Writing
  4. Editing

Data collection

In this age of Information, data is single most valued commodity. We are always exposed to information. However, collecting, storing and using right information at appropriate stages is the key to effective writing. In this stage, you focus entirely on data collection, which you may find useful later. Hence, you are constantly in this stage, keeping your eyes and ears open for information on interesting topics. Following can be very effective sources:

  1. Books
  2. News
  3. Blogs
  4. Social Media
  5. Radio
  6. Discussions/ Meetings
  7. Interviews

Pre-writing

Pre-writing stage comes as and when you decide to pen down your thoughts on paper. It starts with brainstorming on the topic. Brainstorming is a quick way to generate a lot of ideas on a subject. The purpose is to make a list of as many ideas as possible without worrying about how you will use them. Your brainstorming diagram may include words, phrases, sentences or even questions.

To brainstorm, follow these steps:

  1. Begin by writing a topic in a rectangular box.
  2. Write down as many ideas about the topic as you can in 5 minutes.
  3. Add more items to your list by answering the questions what, how, when, where, why and who.
  4. Group similar ideas.
  5. Understand relations like cause-effect, consequences, lists, examples, advantages / disadvantages etc. between the ideas and mark them.
  6. Think of relevant examples especially if you are writing an essay.
  7. Check for relevancy with audience, subject boundaries and occasion.

bUSINESS WritngAbove image shows brainstorming diagram.

Writing

Outcome of previous activity acts as guideline at this stage. From childhood, an idea of havinga great start to the essay is imbibed in your mind. Let us tell you good news; it is alright to have an average start. Focus on the writing all considered points first. During editing stage you may revise your introduction. We will discuss “Parts of writing” in next week.

Write relentlessly without stopping. Frequent checking and stopping in between for corrections, breaks the flow. Also, if you stop in between, your mind might be diverted to related issues. You lose focus, which in turn results in loss of concentration. Repeated interruptions make you blind to your own mistakes, which lead to erroneous writing and ultimately frustration.

While writing, guidelines given in our previous blog “Organization in writing” can be very useful. You may also choose to use following guidelines,

  1. Start writing relentlessly.
  2. Do not waste time correcting yourself at this stage. You have next stage to correct yourself.
  3. Remember to use following orders while writing to sound more logical
  4. Order of Organization by Grouping
  5. Organization by Time
  6. Organization by Order of Importance
  7. Organization by Space

Editing

At the end of previous stage you have yourself, few ideas jotted down on your computer screen. Now, start proof-reading your written piece.

  1. While reading, look for logical sense. Ask yourself,
    1. Did I cover all points?
    2. Did I write them in logical fashion?
    3. Did I use appropriate order?
  2. Next, look for clarity of concepts. Many people like to believe that the more complex they write, better they sound. Please make sure one sentence is used for one idea. Don’t write sentences having multiple ideas. They only confuse your readers.
  3. Once this part is taken care of, we advise you to look for grammatical mistakes and correct them. Check for consistency of tenses, dates, persons and subject-verb confirmation.

We hope this blog helps to organize your writing better. These tips are valid for Business Writing, GRE, IELTS and TOEFL. You may visit us here, to know more about Business English course.

Organization in Writing

Writing is a type of communication, usually with standard structure and style. It addresses the needs of audiences and has prose and lists for a particular area that concerns business. Writing is very important in all phases of one’s life, as it creates an image of writer in the reader’s mind. A person with excellent writing skills unknowingly earns respect of his peers and looked upon as a sincere employee by the seniors. Now many may complain that writing is a tedious task. Yes writing is difficult, but good news is that it can be learnt and practiced.

Through series of blogs, we are going to take a short course in written communication.

One of the most important parts of writing is organization of the ideas. Proper organization of the ideas help, people paint a mental picture of written communication. It helps in understanding and eventually evaluating an idea. Ideas can be organized based on many criteria. Following are few important ones

  1. Organization by Grouping
  2. Organization by Time
  3. Organization by Order of Importance
  4. Organization by Space

Organization by Grouping

Ideas in writing can be organized by grouping them in relevant groups. Such grouping helps reader paint a mental picture of what is being described about. Clearer the list of groups, better is the mental picture. For instance, while describing countries, reader would be disturbed to see any cities mentioned in same line. To explain the point further, look at following paragraph.

For example

It is interesting to visit foreign countries. You can meet new people. You can eat different kinds of food. It is expensive. You can see the way other people live.

In the above paragraph, all ideas are relevant with main idea, ‘It is interesting to visit foreign countries’ except the idea that ‘It is expensive’ which in fact is a counterpoint of the main idea.

Organization by Time

Time sequence or chronology explains an important role in writing or reporting events. It gives a factual account of incidents in a way which can be easily understood and examined.

For example

I had a terrible Sunday. First I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock in mobile failed as mobile was discharged. Then, I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. After breakfast, I rushed for the Soccer practice. I really feel that everyone should play soccer in life. As I reached the bus stop, I realized, I had forgotten my wallet at my desk. I literally sprinted back home and collected the wallet. I had to wait for 20 minutes as bus frequency on Sunday is comparatively rare. By the time I reached the ground, my friends were almost half way through the practice. My coach was angry. After practice, on my way back, I first went to supermarket to buy groceries and then to laundry to pick up my clothes.

As can be seen while, reading above paragraph, the sentence, ‘I really feel that everyone should play soccer in life’ distracts the attention. Other sentences build a nice account of unfortunate Sunday of the author.

Signal Words

First

Second

Then

Next

Before

After

As

Later

finally

Organization by order of importance

It is very important to recognize order of importance while discussing events, logical ideas, consequence, lists etc. This arrangement allows reader to rate the important points at start.

For example

There are many ways to learn a new language. The best way is to talk with native speakers. One way is to spend a lot of time watching television and listening to the radio. Another way is to take classes at a language school or university.

As can be seen, if ways of learning languages are arranged in order of importance, it is very easy to recognize best practices to learn a new language.

Signal Words

First of all

Second

For one thing

The next + noun

Also

In addition

Another + noun

Moreover

Most important + noun

Organization by Space

When you describe space, you use space order to explain where things are located. The easiest way to do this is to choose starting point. Then you describe where things are located with respect to previously described thing.

For example

My bedroom is a special place. Like most rooms, it is a rectangle. When you walk in the door, the first thing you notice is the large window on the back wall. It has a beautiful view of the garden.

Signal Words

On

Besides

In front of

In corner

Above

Next to

Both sides

Left hand

Below

We hope this blog helps to organize your writing better. These tips are valid for Business Writing, GRE, IELTS and TOEFL. You may visit us here, to know more about Business English course.

Know the Nouns

Most of the readers shall describe noun as “a place, a person or a thing”. This is not a complete explanation of NOUN. A noun is not necessarily always a physical substance; it can be of any intangible form as well. For example: Feeling of happiness or the artistic beauty of a painting.

Nouns have various categories, they are:

  1. Count Nouns
  2. Uncounted Nouns
  3. Proper Nouns
  4. Common Nouns
  5. Collective Nouns
  6. Concrete Nouns
  7. Abstract Nouns

COUNT NOUNS

Count nouns are the types of nouns that express the place, person or thing either in a singular or more than a singular expression.

Count nouns have two forms:

Singular

Plural

Singular Nouns

Singular nouns are the types of nouns that express the singularity or being the 1 of any one place, any one person, or any one thing

Plural Nouns

Plural Nouns are the types of nouns that express the plurality or being more than one of any more than one place, any more than one person, or more than one thing.

For Example

A valley (it expresses a single place), a tree (it expresses a single thing), a

player (it expresses a single person)

For Example

A number of valleys (it expresses more than one place), a forest of trees (it expresses more than one trees)

Few rules of plural nouns are listed below:

  1. We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

For example – boy-s, girl-s, toy-s, tree-s etc.

  1. We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

For example- grass-es, church-es, gas-es, fish-es, ox-es etc.

  1. When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in –ies

For example- baby=babies, fairy=fairies, cherry=cherries

  1. When a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

For example- momo=momos, eye=eyes, apple=apples

  1. Some nouns have uncertain plurals.

For example- mouse=mice, Goose=Geese

UNCOUNTED NOUNS-

We do not use uncounted nouns in the plural. Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot “count” them. For example, we cannot count “milk”. We can count “bottles of milk” or “liters of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself.

For example – We drank a lot of coffee

For example – That’s useful advice

Uncounted nouns often refer to:

SubstancesIron, table, chair, biscuit
Human feelings or qualitiesAnxiety, sadness, merry, happy
ActivitiesRun, sleep, talk, sneeze
Abstract ideas:Life, urge, death

Here are few examples of countable and uncountable nouns.

COUNTABLEUNCOUNTABLE
TableFurniture
PoemsRhythm
TreesForest
FactoryIndustry
DewRainfall

PROPER NOUNS –

A PROPER NOUN is a noun which usually refers to a singular or collection of entities. Some proper nouns occur in plural form, and then they refer to groups of entities considered as unique. Names of people, place and person are known as Proper Noun. We generally start the proper nouns with CAPITAL letters.

William Shakespeare, Richard, Pune etc

Proper nouns are not normally preceded by an article or other limiting modifier, as any or some. Nor are they usually pluralized. But the language allows for exceptions

COMMON NOUNS

According to Oxford – Common nouns are the nouns that can be preceded by an indefinite article and denotes any or all member of the class.

Let me simplify it to you.

Common nouns are the types of nouns which do not specify a person or any place or anything in particular but refers to it as in general aspect like for example, dog, city, humans etc. these are the common nouns.

COLLECTIVE NOUNS

According to Oxford – A noun, though singular refers to a group of things, or animals.

I hope that this definition is pretty simple

Now I would give you a list of collective nouns.

An army of soldiers

A herd of sheep

A dozen of Eggs

A pack of wolves

A bunch of sticks

A crowd of people

A club of lions

A group of dancers.

A team of players

CONCRETE NOUNS

Concrete nouns are those types of nouns which denote something tangible or material, such as a person or a place.

For Example – Machine, Tree, Jack etc

Pretty Simple ha? That’s what we do. We make it simpler for you to understand.

ABSTRACT NOUN

Abstract Nouns are the type of nouns which does not have a physical form that cannot be touched; it is a noun that denotes an idea, an emotion, feeling, quality or other abstract or intangible concepts.

For Example-

Happiness

Sadness

Anger, etc.

Methods to improve Business English

Most of people in India have developed a notion that only few people are destined to have good Communications Skills. They feel English Proficiency is even rare. Many technical people ignore both by assigning higher priority to the projects only to find out few years later that, it is equally important to communicate your ideas, achievements and objections with equal skill. We are here to help you with few compelling ideas that we have developed over last 25 years’ experience in training.

Listening

You may ask why listening? We believe, what you hear is what you think and what you think is what you speak.

How did you learn your mother tongue? Did your mother gift a Grammar book on your first birthday? An infant listens and in his attempt to copy parents, it learns to speak eventually. Look at a toddler and his amazing capability of learning a language. Why can’t you? Our advice is, listen quality English as much as possible. Tune into English News. Listen to the English Commentary. Watch English movies (maybe with subtitles). We are sure if you surround yourself with English, there is no reason you won’t learn it.

One – way communication

As the name of the technique suggests, once you become familiar with English through listening, start speaking in front of a mirror as if you are speaking to audience. Speaking aloud in front of mirror will give you confidence. It will also help you find your rhythm. Set a target of expressing your thoughts, ideas, concerns, opinions within 15 – 20 sentences. This is typically useful in daily meetings where you find yourself tongue-tied.

Two-way communication

Once you gain confidence to express your thoughts and ideas, find a communication-buddy in office or home. Your buddy must be better communicator than you are. If you can’t find one, go to internet and join few groups on social network. As you start speaking with the buddy on different topics, many questions will start creeping into your mind. Be patient, use internet resources to work on difficulties.

Within few weeks, you will gain confidence to speak to people. They may ask you questions on the opinion you expressed or after listening to someone you may have some questions to ask. Work with determination to overcome this phase. If you can survive through this phase, rewards are enormous.

Grammar

Once you have achieved satisfactory proficiency in Communication, at least with your colleagues, you can concentrate on grammar. This will help you rectify your mistakes faster. Remember you learnt grammar of your mother tongue in fifth grade when you could already construct a sentence without any difficulty. At this juncture, you most probably be in same place, as far as English Proficiency is concerned.

Telephone conversation

Once you are comfortable with one-on-one conversations, it is time to take up new challenges. How many times have you felt that, your call would have been better? Why this happens? Reason is simple, 65% of human communication is through Body Language. Try to learn systematically how to make a successful call for reporting progress or reviewing meetings. You can use role-play with colleagues or the buddy to improve your telephone conversations.

Accent Reduction

Once you master the art of communication with people, it’s time to work on accent. It happens many times, especially while dealing with foreign delegates, that some may find your accent difficult to comprehend. Don’t worry. Initially try to imitate your favorite actor from the movies. Notice the change in pronunciations. Work with the phonetic dictionary. Within few days, your conversations with overseas client will definitely improve as you can understand his accent better and vice a versa.

We hope these inputs will help you improve your communication skills. If you are thinking it is not possible to find buddy or have practical problems like lack of focus or time, you can join our courses on Business English in Pune. We have designed our courses over last 25 years specifically for professionals. Apart from above skills, we also work on following components:

Presentation Skills

You will learn secrets of Presentations here. How many times have you or somebody else slept in the presentation? We not only teach you about the delivery of the presentation but about how to create an effective presentation? You will learn strategies to talk in front of a CEO, your manager or even your juniors.

Handling Meetings

Do you have bright ideas? Can you express them in meetings? We teach you here how to take a stand in a meeting? How to take objections? How to appreciate others? Also you will learn about dinning etiquettes in Corporate.

Right now we have intensive class-room program of 45 hours. If interested please let us know here.

English Grammar: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Future perfect continuous tense and its applications in spoken English.

The Future perfect continuous expresses that the action shall start sometime in the future and shall continue in the future

Verb

In future perfect continuous tense the verb is generally used in its present participle form and it is supported by the auxiliary verb, “will have been”

Make a statement

A statement in Future perfect continuous tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, You, We, They

will have been

roasting

chicken

He, She, It

will have been

roasting

chicken

I, You , We, They

will

not have been

roasting

chicken

He, She, It

will

not have been

roasting

chicken

Structure for constructing statement in general can be:

Subject + will + have been+ Verb (present participle) + Object (positive statement)

Subject + will + no, not, never + have been + Verb (present participle) + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. Following can be use of Future perfect continuous tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Will

you, we, they

have been

roasting

chicken?

Will

he, she, it

have been

roasting

chicken?

Will

you, we, they

not have been

roasting

chicken?

Will

he, she, it

not have been

roasting

chicken?

Will + subject + have been+ Verb (present participle) + Object (positive statement)

Will + subject + no, not, never + have been + Verb (present participle) + Object (negative statement)

Now there are few situations where the Future perfect continuous tense is used.

Duration of future happenings

Future perfect continuous tense tells us about the duration of any activity that happens in future

  • They will have been waiting for an hour before jack arrives.
  • Will you have been working when you will work with them?
  • Will you have been planning of staying here before your flat gets ready?

Cause of something that shall happen in future

It shows cause and effect relation of an activity.

  • He will have been working to make his family happy.
  • He will be soaked in sweat because he will have been walking back home.
  • He will have been drinking due to his loss.