RETROSPECT your past, INTROSPECT yourself & SPECULATE a better future

Our state of mind reflects our moods or attitude in life. Sometimes we feel happy and sometimes sad; recalling what we did and what could have happened? In order to annotate these situations, knowing appropriate words is very important. This post shall help you to materialize these words in the following paragraphs.

RETROSPECT—

While looking back and contemplating the past — we sometimes find ourselves wishing that we had done some things differently. Though this word most commonly appears as a noun in the phrase “in retrospect,” it can also be used as a verb.

It’s Origin

The prefix retro- means “back,” and spec is a component of the words inspect, spectator, spectacles, and perspective, among others, all of which have to do with looking or seeing. So it makes sense that retrospect means to look back in time, or to remember

For Example: “To meditate is to retrospect ones deeds”

INTROSPECT –

“to look inside,” and describes the act of thinking about your own actions or inner thoughts. When you examine what you do, say, think or feel and how it affects your life and the lives of others, that’s introspection.

It’s Origin

Intro means “within,” while spec is from the Latin for “look.” So you can tell that the word means the act of “looking within.”

It’s like searching inside in order to understand yourself — what some people mock as “navel gazing.”

For example: Nineteenth-century philosopher William Godwin once said, “The philosophy of the wisest man that ever existed is mainly derived from the act of introspection.”

SPECULATE –

When you speculate, you use what you know to make a prediction about an outcome,

It’s Origin

It is having a Latin origin, speculatus, meaning “to spy out, examine

For Example: After completing his graduation from a foreign university, Mohit Speculated a high paid and prestigious job.

We hope this helps you. Keep encouraging us by liking and sharing. Your views can really help us improve. Join our Business English Course for Speaking and Writing.

Are effects of your poor English affecting your career?

Yes! If this is the answer, we are here to help you out.

We have observed that there are few grammatical mistakes that usually occur unconsciously during speaking or writing English.  The words “affect” and “effect” are frequently misused and confused. They have no senses in common.  Both words can be used either as nouns or verbs. But “affect” is almost always a verb, whereas “effect” is more commonly used as a noun than it is as a verb.

Now we will simplify the use of affect and effect as both noun and verb as given in the below tabular format.

NOUN

VERB

AFFECT

 Although it is not used in daily conversations, it is sometimes used as a Psychological term.

When ‘affect’ is used as verb, it implies that the word is used to have an influence on; to impress or to move; to produce a change in something or someone

For Example:

His study was intended to show how alcohol affects the reaction time of medicine.

EFFECT

Effect is used as noun in a sentence when it shows any result or outcome from some specific activity.

For Example:

They discussed the effects of mediation on Corporate.

When Effect is used as a verb in a sentence it usually implies To produce a result. To cause something to occur; to bring about an outcome.

For Example:

Cutbacks were introduce to effect basic economics of the firm.

CONCLUSION

So be ready to make almost all verbs “affect.”

 And be ready to make virtually all nouns “effect.”

Pharmacy as a career option after 12th

Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs.

The scope of pharmacy practice includes more traditional roles such as compounding and dispensing medications, and it also includes more modern services related to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. Pharmacists, therefore, are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize use of medication for the benefit of the patients.

How do I know I am interested in Pharmacy?

This is a question we ask our students to ponder upon first. For choosing any field, you must be interested in that field. You should not enter into a field, because of peer pressure or parent’s insistence. So, how would you know if you are interested in Pharmacy?

Our advice would be to go visit a Pharmacist or a Production unit. Look at the typical day of Pharmacy. Talk to people. Ask them why do they like their jobs? This exercise will give you insights into what you may have to do for about 35 years of your life. Are you ready?

In addition to visit to your future workplace taking psychometric test is best way to judge your career options. It will help you understand your skills, preferences and personality types. Methods like Mayer’s Bragg Testing are statistically proven and can be easily read. For counselling you may think of the person with industry experience.

What is the scope?

  • Teaching – B Pharm – First Class students are eligible to teach as lecturers in the D Pharm programme, here as M Pharm, First Class students can get a lecturer’s job in pharmacy degree colleges. It takes about 5 years to reach the grade of Sr. lecturer and about 10 years to become Assistant Professor and about 12 years to become Professor or a Principal of a college. While in teaching profession they can do research in pharmaceutical field and strive to become a well-known Research Scientist.
  • Pharmacist – Being in the health-related field, the B Pharm graduate can be Health-system Pharmacist or Hospital Pharmacist or Community Pharmacist.
  • Quality Assurance Health Manager– The Pharmacy graduate can play an important role in the development of clinical care plans, can investigate adverse medication events and in some cases can suggest preventive measures. He can play a key role in spreading awareness amongst the people about AIDS and the preventive measures to be taken.
  • Medical Transcription – The B Pharm graduate can work with medical practitioners to maintain the patient treatment history, the drug to which he/she is allergic etc.
  • Analytical Chemist of Quality Control Manager – The pharmacy graduate can play a crucial role in controlling product quality. The drug and the Cosmetics Act (1945), Rules 71(1) and 76(1) says that the manufacturing activity should be taken up under the supervision of a technical man whose qualification should be B Pharm, B Sc, B Tech or medicine with Bio-Chemistry.
  • Sales and Marketing – Ambitious achievers with pleasant personality and good communication skills can opt for the job of Medical Sales Representative. The companies prefer pharmacy graduates for this job, as they have a good knowledge about the drug molecules, their therapeutic effects and the drug – drug interactions.
  • Clinical Research- B Pharm/ M Pharm degree holders can take up career in clinical research. The human testing phase is called the clinical trial. A pharmacist can work as clinical research associate or clinical pharmacist and can rise to the position of project manager. The clinical research associate plays an important role of monitoring and overseeing the conducts of clinical trials, which are conducted on healthy human volunteers. They have to see that the trials meet the international guidelines and the national regulatory requirements.
  • Data Manager – A pharmacist can seek employment as “Data Manager” to store the data in the computer and process it using software developed for the purpose.
  • Regulatory Manager – A pharmacy graduate can work as “Regulatory Manager”(RM) in companies and contract research organisation. As an RM he has to oversee regulatory documentation such as Clinical trial approval permission, marketing approval permission etc.
  • Career in Regulatory bodies- A Pharmacist can be absorbed in the Regulatory bodies like Food and Drug Administration. Pharmacist having experience in clinical trial centres can also work as an inspector to inspect the clinical trial process. For these government jobs the student needs to appear and pass the MPSC examination.

How much salary would I get?

Freshers in Pharmacy may fetch average salary of about Rs. 1,81,755/- per annum. Once you are into this industry, career growth entirely depends on your knowledge, skills and communication skills. After joining the industry, within a period of three years, most of the people may fetch salary of about Rs. 6,00,000/- per annum. (Figures are indicative and may vary from College to college)

Entrance Exams

Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (http://www.gpatonline.com)

BITS Admission Test (http://bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain)

Maharashtra Master Of Pharmacy Common Entrance Test (http://www.dtemaharashtra.gov.in/)

National Institute Of Pharmaceuticals Education And Research Joint Entrance Examination (http://www.niper.ac.in/)

Career Options in Arts

Lately, people have been asking us about various career options in Arts. We have summarized results of our journey in a very simple chart as follows. It gives brief view about most of the professions in Arts.

You may have a look at our Career Counseling Services by clicking here.

Career Options in Arts

We hope it helps. Your comments are always welcome.

English Grammar: Simple Future Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Simple present tense and it applications in spoken English.

Simple future tense is a basic tense, in general used to talk about possibilities or intentions in general.

Verb

In simple future tense, first form of verb is used with Auxiliary verb: will or shall. Now, Victorian English suggests us to use only shall with first person. This is no longer followed by majority. In order to understand their modern day usage, please follow our blog here.

Make a statement

A statement in simple Future Tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

will

play

cricket

He, she, it

will

play

cricket

I, you , we, they

will

not

play

cricket

He, she, it

will

not

play

cricket

Structure for positive statement in general can be:

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + first form of Verb + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + first form of Main Verb + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. Following can be use of Simple Future Tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Will

I, you, we, they

play

cricket?

Will

He, she, it

play

cricket?

Will

not

I, you, we, they

play

cricket?

Will

not

He, she, it

play

cricket?

In general structure of interrogative sentence can be

Auxiliary verb + Subject + first form of Main verb + Object ? (positive question)

Auxiliary verb + not + Subject + first form of Main verb + Object ? (negative question)

Applications of Simple Future Tense

There are many applications of Simple Future Tense. Following is a list of the applications in general.

1.     Express a voluntary action.

A voluntary action is one, the speaker offers to do for someone else. We use “will” to respond to someone else’s complaint or request for help. We also use “will” when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use “will not” or “won’t” when we refuse to voluntarily do something.

I will send you the information when I get it.

I will translate the email, so Mr. Subhash can read it.

Will you help me move this heavy table?

Will you make dinner?

2.     Promise

Your promises to complete a particular action must be expressed in Simple Future Tense.

I will call you when I arrive.

I will prepare a tasty cake on your birthday.

I promise I will not tell anybody about the party.

Don’t worry, I’ll be careful.

3.     Prediction

Predictions about future canbe presented in Simple Future Tense.

The year 2015 will be a very interesting year.

Narendra Modi will be the next Prime Minister.

The movie “Two States” will win several Awards.

4.     Plans

You may express your plans using Simple Future Tense.

I will start my journey at 5.10 in morning.

I will meet you at station at around 7 O’clock.

She will reach home in time.

English Vocabulary: Homophones

Homophones are words with same pronunciation with different meaning and/or spelling. The words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of “rise”), or differently, such as carat, caret, and carrot, or to, two, and too. Homophones that are spelled the same are also both homographs and homonyms. But that can be discussed at some other time.

Recently in one of our blogs we had asked our readers if they knew about homophones. We got tremendous response over social media. We decided to make a list and publish it over here.

airheir
aisleisle
ante-anti-
eyeI
barebear
bebee
brakebreak
buyby
cellsell
centscent
cerealserial
coarsecourse
complementcompliment
damdamn
deardeer
diedye
fairfare
firfur
flourflower
forfour
hairhare
healheel
hearhere
himhymn
holewhole
hourour
idleidol
ininn
knightnight
knotnot
knowno
mademaid
mailmale
meatmeet
morningmourning
nonenun
oaror
onewon
pairpear
peacepiece
plainplane
poorpour
prayprey
principalprinciple
profitprophet
realreel
rightwrite
rootroute
sailsale
seasee
seamseem
sightsite
sewso
shoresure
solesoul
somesum
sonsun
stairstare
stationarystationery
stealsteel
suitesweet
tailtale
theirthere
totoo
toetow
waistwaste
waitweight
wayweigh
weakweek
wearwhere

 

3 reasons to chase excellence in Email writing

During our Business writing course, we are often asked, how to perfect email or letter writing? Answer to this question is very simple. Do not chase perfection right from first email, rather chase excellence in business writing.

In this fast life, it is difficult to wait for perfect products. Companies like Microsoft, Apple, coca-cola keep on updating their existing ones and keep on introducing new ones. Key to success is excellence and not perfection. If you wait for perfection chances are you will miss the opportunity. Many business people talk about excellence. But, then what is excellence? Pursuing excellence is nothing but creating best possible result within given resources. Next question is why you should chase excellence especially in writing emails.

Wait for perfect opening and miss deadline

Most of the people we meet ask, how to write a perfect opening. The bad news is, if you wait for perfect opening you may not finish the letter in time. Do not strive for perfection. Rather brainstorm – start looking for relevant points, illustrations or anecdotes depending on the type of business document you are writing.

Purpose is important than literary value

Every business document has a purpose. It can be change expected in policies, behaviours, communication etc. After relevant points, you must include “call to action” message which should be loud and clear for the reader. If you focus on literary content more than purpose, and start using thesaurus on every word, you may end up coming across as a confused writer.

Nikhil is a Purchase Manager in Home Appliances Division at an Indian Corporation. He has to reply to at least 150 mails in a day. Most of them are addressed to his suppliers and many to his senior management. He initially used to wait for perfect opening and best possible lexical terms. His mails were for sure were appreciated for freshness, but he could reply to hardly 50 mails in a day. Many of his juniors and suppliers were not happy because of the delay in reply. Moreover, he himself could achieve little more than writing mails and meeting people throughout his busy day. At the end of the week he used leave office late in evening as he was replying to pending emails. In the process, his tired approach was reflected in his mails.

We advised him to change his style of email writing. He not only replies to all of his emails, he leaves office in time. You may find the tips on how to write effective mails here.

Learning curve

After explaining these points with relevant example people start accepting the point that they must focus on the excellence more than anything else. It takes years of writing practice to come up with really good writing skills.

07learningcurve

Graph for learning new skills is as shown in image; this is s-shaped curve. Initially we, humans, take a lot of time as our mind tries to stick older concepts or resists learning and adapting to new ideas. As the resistance fades away, learning gathers momentum, paving way for new ideas. It again reaches saturation after some period. This holds true for most of the skills including Email Writing. In order to write better emails you may click here.

We hope this helps you understand why excellence is important. Your likes, comments and shares are always welcome.

English Grammar: Simple Past Tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Simple present tense and its applications in spoken English.

Simple past tense is a basic tense, in general, used to talk about what happened in past.

Verb

In simple past tense, the second form of a verb is used. In cases of regular verbs –ed is added at the end. You need to pay attention in using the right form in case of irregular verbs. For example, the second form of the verb for sleep is ‘slept’. In case, if you are using an auxiliary verb, past form is transferred from the main verb to auxiliary as follows.

Make a statement

A statement in simple past tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

liked

coffee

He, she, it

liked

coffee

I, you , we, they

did

not

like

coffee

He, she, it

did

not

like

coffee

Structure for a positive statement in general can be:

Subject + second form of Verb + Object

(positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + first form of Main Verb + Object

(negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of simple past tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Did

I, you, we, they

like

coffee?

Did

He, she, it

like

coffee?

Did

not

I, you, we, they

like

coffee?

Did

not

He, she, it

like

coffee?

In general structure of interrogative sentence can be

Auxiliary verb + Subject + first form of Main verb + Object ?

(positive question)

Auxiliary verb + not + Subject + first form of Main verb + Object ?

(negative question)

Applications of Simple past tense

There are many applications of simple past tense. Following is a list of the applications in general.

1. Talk about an action that started and finished at a specific time in the past.

Your activities of the past, which started at a specific time in the day and ended at a specific time, must be described in Simple past tense. Following are examples

We saw a movie in city pride yesterday.

I talked to my friends on the cell phone.

She didn’t attend the speaking class.

He didn’t wash the car.

2.     List series of actions

Your series of actions that happened in a particular attempt or trip or endeavor, must be described in Simple past tense.

I finished the office work, caught the bus & came back to the home.

She put on the track suit and went for jogging.

The maid cleaned the utensils, washed the clothes and cooked the food.

Did you affix the post stamps & post the letter?

3.     Narrating duration

While narrating about the duration you spent doing something can be described in simple past tense.

I lived in Pune for about ten years

She studied German in just six months.

The maid didn’t turn up on Sunday.

He worked with Infosys for 4 years.

4.     Talk about habits of the past

You can discuss habits of the past using simple past tense

I always participated in the school gathering.

She often played guitar in the party.

He never played any sport in the school life.

Did you ever study sincerely in your childhood?

English Grammar: Simple present tense

During our English speaking courses, many people question the importance of grammar in spoken English, while some fervently support it. I guess this question can be reserved for other times. Today we are going to take a look at Simple Present Tense and it supplications in spoken English.

Simple present tense is basic tense, in general, used to talk about now.

Verb

In Simple Present Tense, a basic form of a verb is used. It changes based on the subject by adding -s/-es at the end in case subject used is third person singular.

Make a statement

A statement in simple present tense is constructed in following ways.

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

Object

I, you, we, they

like

coffee

He, she, it

likes

coffee

I, you , we, they

do

not

like

coffee

He, she, it

does

not

like

coffee

Structure for a positive statement, in general, can be:

Subject + Verb + Object (positive statement)

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + not + Main Verb + Object (negative statement)

Ask a question

While forming an interrogative sentence, auxiliary verb precedes subject in general. The following can be used of simple present tense in interrogative sentences.

Auxiliary VerbSubjectMain VerbObject

Do

I, you, we, they

like

coffee?

Does

He, she, it

like

coffee?

Do

not

I, you, we, they

like

coffee?

Does

not

He, she, it

like

coffee?

In general structure of interrogative sentence can be

Auxiliary verb + Subject + Main verb + Object ? (positive question)

Auxiliary verb + not + Subject + Main verb + Object ? (negative question)

Applications of Simple present tense

There are many applications of simple present tense. Following is a list of the applications in general.

1.     Mentioning facts

All facts which are indisputable are stated in Simple present tense. It doesn’t matter if they have already happened in past. What matters is if they happened yesterday, happening today and will happen tomorrow? Following are examples

The sun rises in the east.

People need food.

It snows in winter.

The sky isn’t green.

2.     Talking about habits

While talking about your daily habits you may use Simple present tense.

Do you pray GOD every day?

I play tennis every Tuesday.

We often go to the cinema.

She gets up at seven o’clock every day.

3.     Narrating about books, films, and sports

While narrating about the book you just read or films you just watched or game that you just saw, simple present tense comes handy. This is because you are trying to recreate the magic for your friends and want them re-live the experience.

The hero dies at the end of the film.

A young man travels through Europe, where he meets different people.

In this book, an army invades Britain.

The main character is very a young student and works in a bookshop.

4.     Discussing a fixed timetable or plan

Simple present tense is used in discussing routine timetables or plans.

School begins at 11.30 am tomorrow.

Our train leaves at eleven.

What time does the film start?

The train arrives at seven, it leaves at seven thirty.

5.     Expressing thoughts, feelings, and states

Thoughts and feelings are always mentioned in simple present tense since you are in that moment.

It matters a great deal to him to win the game.

They feel a lot of loyalty to the company.

Ramesh doubts the truth of his statement.

She deeply regrets saying those nasty things about him.

6.     Newspapers and headlines

Headlines employ simple present tense in order to recreate the event in your imagination.

Police discover many more dead bodies.

Something wrong in Jet Crash, expert says.

Police begin a campaign to run down Naxalites.

Drunk gets nine months imprisonment.

7.     For instructions and directions

Have you ever read instructions on your shampoo bottle, they are always in simple present tense.

Mix the flour & water together, then add sugar.

Go straight on & take your first right.

Open your books and read loudly.

Park your vehicle here.

8.     In declaration or promise

I declare this pet show open.

I promise you, I won’t do anything stupid.

I assure you everything will be all right.

I announce the program is over.

 

I hope this helps. Your likes, comments and shares are highly appreciated.

Improve your vocabulary

In this blog we are sharing our experiences on how to improve your English vocabulary. It is one of the most significant questions where English is a second language.

As an Institute which teaches Business English: Speaking and writing we are often asked this question, “What should we do, to improve our vocabulary?” Initially, I used give text-book answers which included, “Read lot of English books. Underline difficult words. Refer dictionary to understand the meaning. Try to use that word in different contexts and that’s how you can improve your vocabulary.” Over the years, I realised, this may be effective way to learn new words but not effective to retain it. English is a second Language for me and even I could not learn new words in English like this. How am I going to ask students to learn this way? My vocabulary improved when I started taking few extra efforts. I am not claiming this to be an elixir, but this improved method is surely effective.

Listen to quality English

It is a common experience that we retain a lot of information through listening. Most of us haven’t read anything beyond newspapers in years. But, we listen to radio and also watch television. Next time, instead of tuning to local dialect, tune into English channels, be little alert. Next time, while buying newspaper, look for English edition. While listening or reading, look out for difficult words. Keep a log book where you can jot these words down.

Guess the meanings

Instead of rushing towards dictionary, take a moment. Based on the context, try to guess the meanings of the word. Initially you may fail miserably. That’s alright. With time you will be able to guess the meanings more often than not. Write down sentence with your guess word into your log book.

Take the Dictionary

After guessing the meaning, take dictionary into your hands. I am sure; you may not have that fat book available everywhere, you get stuck with a word. Use your smart phone smartly. You can go to Dictionary.com or en.wiktioanry.org to find meaning of the word and its usage. Note it down into your log for future reference.

Find etymology and history

Apart from meaning and usage, looking up for etymology and history of the word helps a lot. Both sources mentioned above have these sections. Etymology helps you understand the source of a particular word. Using it, you may dissect complex word into simple words in order to make meaning out of it. History part of the word normally contains an interesting story about the word.

Advantage of referring to etymology is that you remember simple words which make complex words. Next time, a complex word appears, you can dissect it, to understand its meaning. As human beings we all love stories. We can remember them in much better way and hence retain the word for long time.

I hope you find it interesting. Please like, comment and share. Your suggestions are really important.