Careers of Chartered Accountants (CA)


For studying Chartered Accountant, one has to pass his or/ her minimum qualification of passing 10+2 with a good percentage. Without passing of this basic requirement, one cannot pursue, his or/ her further studies. Following are the requirements:

LevelSubjectsPassing Criterion
Common Proficiency Test (CPT)Paper 1 : Fundamentals OF Accounting

Paper 2 : Quantitative aptitude

Paper 3 A: Mercantile Law

Paper 3 B: General Economics

Paper 4 : General English

Paper 4 B: Business Communication

30% in each paper and 50% aggregate
Integrated Professional Competency Course (IPCC)Group I:

Paper 1 : Accounting

Paper 2 : Business Laws, Ethics and Communication

Paper 3 : Cost Accounting and Financial Management

Paper 4 : Taxation


Group II:

Paper 5 : Advanced Accounting

Paper 6 : Auditing and Assurance

Paper 7 : Information Technology and Strategic Management

40% in each paper

50% aggregate in each group

Or 50% aggregate in both groups if attempted simultaneously

CA Final ExaminationGroup I:

Paper 1 : Financial Reporting,

Paper 2 : Strategic Financial Management,

Paper 3 : Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics,

Paper 4 : Corporate and Allied Laws,


Group II:

Paper 5 : Advanced Management Accounting,

Paper 6 : Information Systems Control and Audit,

Paper 7 : Direct Tax Laws

Paper 8 : Indirect Tax Laws.

3 year article-ship with certified Chartered Accountant

40% in each paper

50% aggregate in each group

Or 50% aggregate in both groups if attempted simultaneously


Main responsibility of Chartered Accountant is to prepare, examine or analyze accounting records, financial statements or other financial reports to assess accuracy, completeness and conformance to reporting and procedural standards. In the process he interacts at regular intervals with individual as well as boards of the companies making communication skills, one of the important skills apart from financial aptitude. Indian Chartered Accountant Association of India (ICAI) recognized this and has included relevant training in the course.

CA analyzes business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments and obligations, to project future revenues and expenses or to provide advice. He develops, maintains and analyzes budgets, prepares periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs. He may provide both internal and external auditing services for businesses or individuals.

CA computes taxes owed and prepare tax returns, ensuring compliance with payment, reporting or other tax requirements. He establishes tables of accounts and assigns entries to proper accounts. He develops implements, modifies, and documents record-keeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology. New software programs that assist CA in his work have made their work streamlined in more than one way.

He also advises clients in areas such as compensation, employee health care benefits, design of accounting or data processing systems or long-range tax or estate plans.

Associated Institutions

Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI)


A budding CA is paid anywhere between INR 4 Lakhs to INR 7 Lakhs to start with. With experience and exposure, pay-scale varies a lot.

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IELTS Sample Essay 5


Some people say that show person like celebrities and sportsperson are heavily paid which is not justified as compared to other professions while some people totally perceive their remuneration highly justified.

What is your stand point?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


Remuneration of celebrities and sports person has always triggered spirited debates. Some people look at their life as glittering with flamboyance and hence condemn the huge payments while few advocate it as a justice for number of reasons. The viewpoint of latter group equally stands up to my scrutiny for rationales reproduced here.

How can we forget the time a celebrity has been bashed by a website or a tabloid newspaper for something highly infinitesimal which an ordinary Joe could freely do without even being pinched? Yet another subtle mercy crops out of the situation where they are unfairly engaged in uncountable disproportionate fights with their hands tied to their back and mouth thickly plastered. Another nauseate notion of celebrities having forfeited their privacy for fame rules. Rather a celebrity gets deprived of being himself and has to act from dawn to dusk. A star’s every moment is a testing moment for which he stays in perpetual trainings.

Primary premise for the jaundiced eye towards high inflows in celebrities’ life is that, ‘it is too easy to be successful’. It is very easy to notice the glamour but the hardships, these celebrities have endured are utterly ignored and rather served only in their biographies once in their lifetime.

Survival of the fittest rules the roost making show person’s tenure too short as nobody worships the setting sun. For all the aforementioned reasons it becomes unassailable that remuneration handed over to leading lights is earned by them and rationally commensurate their labour.


Envisage – view; Glittering – shining; Flamboyance – charm; Condemn – criticize; Rationales – reasons; Bash – strike; Infinitesimal – extremely small; Disproportionate – unequally weighed; Nauseate – sickening; Forfeit – surrender; Dawn to dusk – morning till night; Perpetual – timeless/everlasting; Unassailable – something that cannot be questioned; Commensurate – proportionate

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IELTS Sample Essay 4

As many of our students are searching for ideal essays which they can use to absorb the essence of effective essay writing, we have taken initiative to publish essays written by our own faculty as well as students.


Terrorism is one of the major threats to the survival of man on this planet. Much has been talked about terrorism but very small is done in this direction.

According to you, how can the problem of terrorism solved?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


Terrorism, today, has become a global threat. It means the use of force and other coercive means to get their goals achieved. Their usual means are to fluster, petrify, kill, kidnap or indulge in extortion. In the modern era almost all the terrorist groups operating in various parts of the world work in connivance with each other.

There are many reasons of the spread of terrorism today. It is rightly said that terrorists are not born but made. There are certain circumstances which are conducive for the birth of terrorism. Poverty and unemployment are deeply related to terrorism. When the young people find themselves running from pillar to post to earn their bread and butter, they react against the system of society. Their blood boils when they see the rich people rolling in wealth. How can they tolerate this economic disparity without being responsible for this malaise? To add fuel to fire, the neighboring enemy countries supply to them drugs and weapons free of cost. It needs no explanation that all these weapons are aimed to sabotage the administration.

Religious bigotry is becoming a threat to the establishment of peace in the world. There are certain religious fanatics who spread the message of abhorrence and religious intolerance. These fanatics indulge in the brain-washing of the young people and ferment them to indulge in massacre of the people of other religions. They are given coloured and biased picture of other religions.

The governments and the people must do something seriously to kill the monster of terrorism. The brains behind terrorism must be aware of the fact that terrorism is a monster that kills, one day, even its own parents. America and Pakistan are paying through nose for germinating, sheltering and nurturing the terrorism. Sincere and transparent anti-terrorism policies are to be adopted and followed. It is needless to say that poverty, unemployment and illiteracy have to be eradicated.


Coercive – use of force; Fluster – upset; Petrify – terrify; Extortion – blackmail; Connivance – collaboration; Conducive – suitable ; Pillar to post – from one place to another; Bread and butter – livelihood; Malaise – unhappiness; Sabotage – destroy; Bigotry – prejudice; Abhorrence – hatred; Fanatics – extreme devotees; Ferment – generate; Massacre – killing; Pay through nose – to pay excessively

We hope you learn from this essay. Your suggestions or questions are always welcome. Contact us in case of any doubt on IELTS, TOEFL and GRE. We will be glad to help you out.

IELTS Sample Essay 3


Internet allows us to stay connected with each other no matter where we are. On the other hand, it also isolates us and encourages people not to socialize.

To what extent do you agree with these statements?

Social Networks, Forums, Chatting tools: Text and video, Stay Connected, easy access of information, Personal and Professional growth

Network replaced relationship, no emotional touch, shallow relations, E.g. of mars mission, chasing a mirage, ultimately isolation


We have been literally surrounded by web of internet which has been instrumental in recent progress of human society at unprecedented pace. This growth has helped people get closer; making their relative positions almost invalid and turning this globe into a village. At the same time, it is evident from recent relationship patterns that more thought needs to be given to the implications of the development.

After the advent of mails and social networking, people all across the world came closer. Daughters settled in America started consulting their mothers for recipe each evening. Text and video chatting made this access even easier as not only location but time constraint really doesn’t matter now. Effects of internet transcend personal growth and affects professional life very prominently. Worldwide access has translated into fast, well informed and critically sound decisions which, has major impact on overall business size and model.

However, we never realized that ‘relationship building’ has transformed into ‘networking’ and spread of the relations became important than its depth. These shallow relations sucked out emotional bonding and gave undue importance to chasing a mirage of information. The day human race became more curious about social media status than neighbour’s, was the day we seized to put importance on meaningful relations and as a result, rise of internet re-habitation centre is seen.

Introspection reveals that, internet is probably greatest discovery since fire and wheel and its justified use can serve as powerful unifying tool that this world ever needed. At the same time its unconscious use may throw us into terrible darks of isolation. Hence, a balanced approach is advocated.

Vocab Key

Unprecedented: extraordinary; implication: casual remark, indirect result; advent: rise; transcend: go beyond; prominently: certainly; mirage: illusion; seize: stop

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Careers in hoteling and catering


For pursuing studies relating to catering one must pass the very basic criterion that is passing 10+2 from C.B.S.E or any of such equivalents.


The industry can be divided into two areas, commercial services and catering services. Under commercial come hotels- vast number of small ones, small number of large and or luxury ones, motels, clubs, pubs and restaurants. Catering services include what is traditionally called institutional management: the provision of meals in schools and colleges, hospitals, etc., as well as industry, local and central government, passenger transport. Contract caterers may work in either area. There is not necessarily any greater difference between jobs in commercial and in non profit making catering than there are individual jobs within each area. Catering skills are highly transferable and there is considerable overlap between the different sectors.

For senior hotel management, experience in food and drink services as well as in accommodation services is necessary; for non – residential catering, experience of accommodation services is not necessary. Much depends on the size of establishment and the level of service it provides. It is an industry in which it is still possible to start at the bottom and, with aptitude hard work and willingness to gain qualifications, reach the top and or start one’s own business. Senior managers in a fast food chain may, for example, work entirely at head office with visits to units where they meet customers; in industrial catering they may be responsible for a group of catering units, visiting individual managers and liaising with head office; or they may investigate latest ‘catering systems’.

Success in most management jobs depends largely on motivating others to do their jobs well, and , on efficient utilization of equipment and deployment of staff. On the other hand, large industrial and institutional catering concerns and some chain restaurants increasingly use systems catering or catering systems instead of letting the chef decide what is for dinner and then getting the staff to prepare the meal.


The hotel manager’s work varies enormously according to size and type of hotel. In large hotels, the general manager is coordinator and administrator, responsible for staff management, marketing and selling, financial control, provision of services, quality control, and customer care. Departmental managers are in charge of specialist services: reception, sales, food and bar services, housekeeping, banqueting etc.

The manager deals with correspondence, has daily meetings with departmental managers and may be in touch daily or weekly with head office. Although managers try to be around to talk to guests, most of their time is spent dealing with running the business side, making decisions based on information obtained from the accountant, personnel manager, sales manager, food and beverage manager etc.

Working hours are long and often busiest at weekends and during holidays. They must be able to switch from one task to another instantly, and change their daily routine when necessary – which often is.

Among manager’s most important tasks: creating and maintaining good staff relations as success depends entirely on the work done by others under their overall direction; giving the hotel the personality and the character which either the manager, or more often the owner, intends it to have; and being able to make a constantly changing clientele feel as though each of them mattered individually.

In small hotels the manager may have a staff of about 15 to 30 and instead of several departmental managers, possibly 1 general assistant.


This post varies according to the size and type of hotel. In small hotels, assistant managers help wherever help is needed most-in the kitchen, in the bar, in housekeeping. Although the work is extremely hard, it is the best possible experience – an essential complement to college training.

In large hotels, assistant managers may be the same as departmental managers. They may take turns at being ‘duty manager’ available to deal with any problem that occurs on a particular shift. Trainee managers may spend some time as assistants in departments before deciding to specialize.

There are many more prospects and types of catering. They are being stated as follows:-

  1. Receptionist / front office
  2. Housekeeper
  3. Hotel sales manager
  4. Restaurant manager
  5. Professional Cooks
  6. Freelance Cooks
  7. Food and Drink Service-‘Waiting’
  8. Fast Foods
  9. Pub Management
  10. Industrial and contract management
  11. School Catering Service
  12. Hospital Catering
  13. Transport Catering
  14. Accommodation and Catering Management

Associated Institutions

  1. Oberoi Centre Of Learning and Development , Delhi
  2. Institute of Hotel Management, Mumbai
  3. Welcomegroup Graduate, Manipal
  4. Institute of Hotel Management, Delhi
  5. Institute of Hotel Management, Bangalore
  6. Institute of Hotel Management, Chennai
  7. Institute of Hotel Management, kolkata
  8. Institute of Hotel Management, Ahmedabad
  9. Christ University, Bangalore


Payscale in this industry depends heavily on skills and experience. It may range from INR 2.20 Lakhs to INR 6 Lakhs.

*All data are indicative. Before taking any decision, please call us to verify latest data.

Career as a career counsellor

Many people (including us) love to discuss with many success aspirants on how to achieve success in profession. This profession requires the coach to develop understanding of most of the careers in particular country. Successful coach must be aware of educational courses, Institutes and trends in the career.


The very basic criterion for getting into career services is passing of 10+2 with a minimum of passing marks. Bachelor’s degree in psychology is just a beginning in the profession. Chances of success in this profession increase when the coach himself has worked in various fields.


The traditional role of careers adviser in career service is to help young people to make sound and realistic career choices and to implement those choices. This covers a wide range of activities from helping an unemployed school leaver find a job to helping a school to plan an on going programme to suit various age and ability groups.

Recent developments in education and training have broadened the scope of careers advisers’ work so that they have a more active role in, for example, helping to plan work related areas of the school curriculum and liaising with training organizations on the provision of appropriate training. In addition , work with adults has increased; a growing number of careers services throughout the country have become all – age guidance services , developing their work with adults who might be unemployed , looking for a change of career , or returning to education or work after a break.

Career advisers work closer with schools and further education colleges and their role is expanding. They plan and implement a programme of careers education and guidance which can span several age groups and decision points. Careers advisers also have a key role in promoting and establishing closer links between education and industry.

Described with example, they might arrange courses and conferences which bring teachers into industry, liaising with schools to programmes , assisting both sides in the evaluation of the exercise and helping teachers to relate what they have learned to the curriculum.

They visit employers, talking both to training and personnel officers about their needs and to people actually doing jobs about the nature, demands and satisfaction of their work. They contact colleges and other educational institutions to keep themselves informed about courses, entry-qualifications and employment prospects, and advise colleges on suitable courses to run for young people. Much of this work takes careers advisers out and about, but there is a certain amount of essential office based administrative work.

Good record-keeping is very important, and the information collected must be made accessible to colleagues and clients. Often this involves writing brief summaries or more detailed information sheets on, for example, a particular occupational area or topics like choosing a course. After a period of general experience careers advisers may specialize.

Career advisers work intensively with disaffected young people to help them stay in education or find suitable training or work. This has become an increasing focus of careers work. With additional training a careers adviser may become a personal adviser, coordinating the support required to meet an individual young person’s specific needs.


There are no such institutions for career work in India. It totally depends upon the past experience and communication skills.


There are no fixed pay-scale for any Career Counsellor.

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IELTS Sample Essay 2

As many of our students are searching for ideal essays which they can use to absorb the essence of effective essay writing, we have taken initiative to publish essays written by our own faculty as well as students.


Without capital punishment our lives are less secure and crimes of violence increase. Capital punishment is essential to control violence in society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


The application of capital punishment that is culminating a criminal’s life by hanging, shooting, electrocution and the like has always triggered spirited debate. Some people strongly assert it as an inevitable tool for maintaining peace in the society while others condemn it appraising the right to life as a typical value. I strongly advocate the latter opinion.

Assessing an enlightened viewpoint, the right to life has always been regarded as a universal right by all the civilized nations of the world. Blood for blood is hardly a humanitarian concept of justice. It is a barbarous act. The matter of fact is that those who commit murders are generally unbalanced, insane and mentally perturbed. They need cure and not brutal punishment in order to restore them to normalcy.

It should not be forgotten that by killing the murderer, we cannot undo the crime. We can only satisfy an abstract sense of revenge. “An eye for an eye” type of logic that might have swayed the primitive mind should have no appeal to the modern man. Historical evidences hold a testimony to the certitude that capital punishment has never served as a deterrent of crime. This is because crimes are committed under the influence of an intoxicant or a violent emotion or passion that vanquishes the fear of all possible consequences.

It needs to be accentuated, the main purpose of punishment is to reform and rehabilitate a criminal. The state’s business should be to punish the guilty person in such a way as to re-educate him and redeem him morally. Keeping in view the irrevocable feature of capital punishment, it should not be applied in any case. A life sentence may also serve the purpose. Culprit may get a chance to turn over a new leaf.

Vocab Key

Electrocution – killing using electric shocks; Trigger – initiate; Assert – vote; Inevitable – unavoidable; Condemn- criticize; Appraise – favor; Barbarous – cruel; Perturb- disturb; Testimony – proof; Certitude – fact; Vanquish – disappear ; Accentuate – highlight; Rehabilitate – reintegrate; Redeem – recover; Trun over a new leaf – have a fresh beginning

We hope you learn from this essay. Your suggestions or questions are always welcome. Contact us in case of any doubt on IELTS, TOEFL and GRE. We will be glad to help you out.

Careers in Arts and Design

There is an increasing overlap with the media and information technology sectors in relation to the use of digital technology to produce and deliver creative content. This is noticeable in roles such as web design, animation and games design.


For pursuing studies related to Art and Design , one has to clear the basic qualification i.e. passing of 10+2 from C.B.S.E or any of its equivalent boards or degrees.


As the title is specified, it covers two distinct fields Art and Design, which is largely painting and sculpture and is not career in the usual sense while design, which could be called applied art: it covers design for industrial and commercial application and industrial engineering. The terminology can be confusing. For example: industrial design is sometimes also called product design and comes under the broader heading 3-dimmensional design, Similarly, graphic design, with all its sub categories – illustrations, typography, photography etc. is also called visual communication or communication design.

In the Art and Design degree the areas of specialization are:

  1. Fine Arts
  2. Graphic Design
  3. 3-Dimmensional design
  4. Textile / Fashion


An extremely small number of artists are talented enough to make a living by painting and sculpting alone. Anyone determined to paint or sculpt must have a private income, a second script to their bow, or be prepared for a precautionary existence. Commissions for murals and sculptures for public building are extremely rare. The majority of painters and sculptors also teach, and for that they need art teacher training. Others combine fine arts with design in overlapping areas, for example studio – based craft, or such graphics specializations as a book illustration or advertising. A few artists do picture restoring or copying, but again there are few openings.


The function of the designer, who is broadly, a specialist combining artistic talent and training with sufficient technical and business knowledge to appreciate the requirements of an industry, is still evolving. Design careers tend not to be structured, although the last 20 years have shown that there are certain employment patterns that new entrants can aspire to. Many designers start as assistants and work first in the area of specialization in which they are trained. Later with experience and evolving interest, they can switch specializations. Recent courses started in India have reduced this long process and brought much more structured approach to the field, especially in terms of skill impartment to young designers and specific courses. Still, many industrial employers are not yet used to working with designers; the contribution the designer is expected to make varies from one job to another.

Usually, the visual appearance of the product is the most important aspect of the designer’s brief. Though the designer’s work varies from one field of designer to another, the end – product always has to fulfill at least 3 demands: it must look up to date, perform its function adequately, and be economically produced so that it is profitable. Designers must fully understand the purpose of the product they are designing and its marketing and manufacturing problems. They must know the limitations and potential of materials and machines available for production.


This is concerned with illustration, photography and logo design. It ranges from the design of books, book jackets, all kinds of advertisements, to the visually corporate identity symbol of organizations, i.e. presenting the image of that organization in visual, instant impact making terms. It also includes ‘visual aids’ for industrial and education application. This is an expanding area; instruction and/or information are put over in non-verbal language, with symbols taking the place of words. Symbols are used as teaching aids in industrial training; as user instructions in drug and textile labeling; as warning or information signs on machinery.

Visual communication also includes TV graphics: captions, programme titles, all non-verbal TV presentations of information, such as election results, trade figure trends etc. As far as newspapers are concerned it includes packaging, publicity, and advertising; stamp and letter head design. There is also some scope in the greeting card trade and in catalogue illustration. Much of this is considered hackwork by creative artists.

Now a day, there are few openings in general book and magazine illustration and design, but there is considerable scope in technical and medical graphics, which require meticulous accuracy rather than creative imagination.


3-Dimensional design is basically divided into product design and interior design.

So they are being described as follows.


This covers the design of all kinds of consumer goods and of machine tools, mechanical equipment, cars as well as pottery, furniture, etc. There is pressure on manufacturing industry to pay more attention to design than it has in the past. Many engineers and manufacturers still believe that with a bit more design training, engineers can cope up with aesthetics and ergonomics. The proportion of product input and engineering input varies from product to product. In new emerging trend Product Designers need such extensive knowledge of relevant engineering and manufacturing processes that they tend to stay within a particular manufacturing area.

Designers and engineers talk about a spectrum, for instance, in the manufacturing of a plastic cup the engineering input is very small, the design input large; at the other end of the spectrum is a gas turbine, where the design input may be confined to the lettering of the instructions and the colour.


Interior designers work in specialized or general design consultant’s studios, large stores, for a group of hotels or supermarkets, in private practice or local authority architects’ office. A considerable knowledge of architecture is required in order to know how to divert drains, move walls safely, or enlarge a shop window satisfactorily. The job of the interior designer, besides being responsible for such things as the management of contracts, is to specify the nature of an interior – how it is made, built and finished – as well as selecting the finishes and fixtures and fittings.

Planning interiors for a hotel, shop, aircraft etc. needs research before designing starts. Beginners often spend all their time on fact finding: the number of assistants required in a new shop, the kind of materials suitable and safe for furnishing a plane.


It combines some of the work of interior and set designer with model making and graphic design. Exhibition design is usually done by specialist firms. Exhibitions are often rush jobs , and designers may help put up stands and work through the night before opening.

Closely allied to exhibition design, but can be specialization on its own. The essence of window and ‘point of sale’ design is communication: the display designer must present the store’s or shop’s image, attract attention and persuade the passer by to buy. The window display can consist of merely putting a few goods in the window or a show case, or it can be a highly sophisticated exercise in marketing, using specially designed models and specially chosen merchandise to convey a ‘ theme ‘ and marketing policy.


Textile design includes printed and woven textiles, carpets, and other floor covering, wallpaper and plastic surface coverings and decoration. There are few openings in manufacturing firms. One of the difficulties is that thorough knowledge of manufacturing methods is essential, but it is difficult to get a job with suitable firms.



  • Sir J.J. School of Arts, Mumbai
  • Loyola college, Chennai
  • Stephen’s College, Delhi
  • Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • Miranda House, Delhi
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Madras College, Chennai
  • Hindu College, Delhi
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Stella Maria’s College, Chennai


  • National Institute Design, Ahmedabad
  • National Institute of Fashion Design
  • Pearl Academy of Fashion
  • Industrial Design Centre, IIT Bombay
  • IDDC, IIT Delhi
  • Design Program, IIT Kanpur
  • Department of Deisgn, IIT Guwahati
  • MIT Institute of Design


Freshers get an average salary of about INR 3.5 Lakhs per year*. Experience strongly influences pay for this type of jobs.

*Salary is indicative from our survey. It should not be used as any specific standard in industry. It also may vary on case to case basis.

At Career Care we help you to find you right career through our Career Counselling services. These services include rigorous testing and counselling sessions.

IELTS Sample essays

We are starting a new series of IELTS essays on our blog. As many of our students are searching for ideal essays which they can use to absorb the essence of effective essay writing, we have taken initiative to publish essays written by our own faculty as well as students.


Ragging was started with a positive attitude but with the passage of time it has become a nuisance. It is much debated today that ragging should be banned in educational institutions.

To what extent do you agree or disagree to these statements?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


Ragging, the practice which was originated to ‘break the ice’ between seniors and the new entrants so as to forge some lifelong bonds later has become a menace widely abhorred by parents and fresher alike. Pragmatically analyzing the precarious connotation of this practice, it goes beyond doubt that ragging should be banned in all circumstances.

Pertaining to the bleak out facet associated, what could be an innocuous banter and exchange of joviality has become a deterrent for the new entrants who dread of being beaten and humiliated. Every day as we open the newspaper, a wave of anger hits us as we realize that another innocent life has been snuffed out by the beast that has become so wild and untamed – the beast of ragging.

Perhaps, it would be unfair not to spotlight that no one understands the torment a bearer has to undergo. It is widely known that the students who were once abused tend to repeat the same with students of tomorrow out of exasperation and indignation implanted deep in their conscience. Scars of this mental torture are hard to fade and I have recently heard ghastly accounts from one of my cousins in medical school, who refuses to trust any human being in first meeting. As a result, the streak of love and compatibility fades away forever. This poison and bitterness goes on proliferating. Hence it is quite imperative that a full stop must be put to this malpractice.

To cap up, it should be accentuated that banning ragging cannot be as efficacious as its implementation. The principals, hostel wardens and other authorities must be watchful. Those people who violate the rule should be tackled with an iron hand. If we break the chain of evil today, we can create a healthy and amicable atmosphere in our educational institutions.

Vocabulary key

Break the ice – break the silence; forge – build; menace – threat; abhor – hate; pragmatic – real and sensible; precarious – insecure; pertain – relate; bleak – dark; innocuous – harmless; banter – crosstalk; joviality – fun; deterrent – inhibitor; dread – scare; snuff – extinguish/die; exasperation – irritation; indignation – anger/distress; proliferate – flourish; imperative – unavoidable; accentuate – highlight; efficacious – effective; amicable – friendly.

We hope you learn from this essay. Your suggestions or questions are always welcome. Contact us in case of any doubt on IELTS, TOEFL and GRE. We will be glad to help you out.

Useful Vocabulary: Collocations in writing

A collocation is a sequence of words or terms that co-occur more often than would be expected by chance. Instead of going through technicality we are introducing few workable set of words which can be definitely used in Business English, GRE, TOEFL and IELTS.


  1. have a drink

Usage: offer a drink (for free off course)

Example: “Let’s have drinks and try to see through our problems.”

  1. have a problem

Usage: use this collocation to introduce the problem

Example: “Do you have a problem with that?”; “Just let me know if you have any problem”; “Sir, I am having a problem with office timing”


  1. do business

Usage: use this collocation to imply someone owns a particular business

Example: “We do business in textiles.”, “What business do you do?”

  1. do the shopping

Usage: use this collocation to describe the process / habbit of shopping

Example: “He does his shopping only at big malls as he is brand conscious.”


  1. make money

Usage: gain

Example: “You must enter new markets now to make money.” “Making money now a days is not matter of hard work.”

  1. Make progress

Usage: to move forward from current state in business or other affairs

Example: “Your child is making significant progress.” “Our project is not making progress, in spite of recent additions to the team.”

  1. Make an effort

Usage: Attempt

Example: “Make It doesn’t matter to me one way or another, but I wish you would at least make an effort at seeing his side of it.”


  1. Take a chance

Usage: try luck at

Example: “It is very obvious that Government may fail in this project, but at least they must take a chance. Who knows, they may succeed?”

  1. Take a look

Usage: to look with attention

Example: “I would be fortunate, if you take a look at my new blog.”, “Did you take look at yourself, before making such a bold statement?”


  1. Incredible performance/tale/wealth/talent etc.

Usage: used to describe something, which is beyond expectations

Example: “Our company has, once again, delivered incredible performance.”, “In spite of incredible talent, India is lacking innovation.”, “For incredible performance in GRE, you must work on your vocabulary.”

  1. Stringent action/steps/guidelines/measures/punishment etc.

Usage: used to state actions/steps…., which are strict and must be followed without doubt

Example: “India must take stringent actions against countries sponsoring terrorism.”, “To score better in IELTS, one must follow stringent guidelines.”

  1. Unwanted consequences

Usage: used to describe results which are not expected or considered

Example: “Fair competition and open market are greatest outcomes of Capitalism but empowerment of wealthy is unwanted consequence.”

  1. Dire consequences

Usage: used to describe which are not only unexpected but ghastly and detrimental

Example: “If you do not comply with the tyrant King, your actions may lead to dire consequence”

  1. Inevitable consequence

Usage: used to describe results which are obvious and follow naturally

Example: “Inevitable consequence of ignoring basic Mathematical formulae is low scores in Quantitative section on you GRE.”

  1. Utter failure

Usage: used to describe results/attempts which end up in absolute failure even without any partial positive outcome

Example: “Attempting speaking section of TOEFL without even practicing home ends up in utter failure.”

  1. Sheer ignorance

Usage: used to describe unqualified or complete lack of knowledge

Example: “John was surprised by the format of speaking section on TOEFL. He blamed his sheer ignorance on tutor.”

  1. Grave negligence

Usage: used to describe apathy/ inattention towards something

Example: “The committee remarked his grave negligence, and attributed the ghastly accident to his attitude.”

  1. Adequate resources

Usage: used to describe resources at disposal to solve an issue is good enough

Example: “If you want to perform better on GRE, senior’s notes are not adequate resources.”

  1. Appropriate action/solution

Usage: used to describe suitable action/ solution

Example: “Owing to recent incidence in India, Prime Minister must take appropriate actions.”

  1. Workable solution

Usage: used to describe a feasible fixture/ solution for the task at hand

Example: “As far as pollution is concerned, reducing carbon emission is the only workable solution.”

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