Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.
- 10+2 with a minimum passing percentage from any stream with mathematics as a compulsory subject
- Qualification in corresponding Architectural Entrance Exams
- National Aptitude test for Architecture (NATA)
- Joint Entrance Exam (JEE – Paper 2)
- Maharashtra Common Entrance test (MAH-AR-CAT)
Architecture is a multi discipline profession requiring a combination of artistic, technological and sociological expertise. The challenge of architecture is to produce, within a given budget, an aesthetically pleasing design which will stand up to wear and tear and is the kind of building in which people will want to live or work.
Architects must fully understand traditional and new building methods and material and appreciate their potential and limitations. They must also understand and be interested in contemporary society and changing lifestyles, the community’s expectations and needs and social problems which may lead to loneliness, mugging and vandalism. They need to question householders, office workers, teachers, hospital staff, managers, and social workers etc to come up with a design for a building that is ‘user’ friendly. This, together with strict financial constraints, makes architecture today a more demanding discipline than it has ever been.
Typical tasks range from converting houses into flats to designing hospitals, retirement homes or factory. Architects receive instructions from their clients or employers on the type, function, capacity, and rough cost of the building required. Then they do their research – and at that stage they may question some assumptions on which the client based the brief. When the type of the building has finally been decided upon, the design work begins. This starts with producing, perhaps jointly with colleagues, a sketch scheme of the floor plans, the elevations, and perspective drawings. Several designs must be produced before one is finally approved.
The next stage is to prepare contract documents which will include detailed drawings and specifications; estimates of cost; and applications for necessary planning consent from the local authority. At this stage especially if the scheme is a big one, consulting engineers and quality surveyors may be appointed.
When the contract for the work has been awarded to a building contactors, and for inspecting the work in progress, architects are responsible for overall monitoring of the site. This involves regular visits to the building site, issuing instructions to the contractor’s agent or foreman and discussing any problem that might arise.
The architect is also normally responsible for the choice or design of fittings and the interior design of the buildings. Work of Architects in commercial concern is confined to that organization’s particular type of building e.g. hotels and restaurants for a large catering organization; shops for a retail chain.
Following can be top careers:
- Urban Design & Planning
- Theatre & Exhibition Design
- Environmental Architecture
- Landscape & Interior Design
- Set Design -Film
ASSOCIATED INSTITUTIONS (Top)
- SCHOOL OF PLANNNING AND ARCHITECTURE, Indraprastha , New Delhi.
- CHANDIGARH COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE, Chandigarh.
- SIR , J.J, COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE , D.N. Road Mumbai.
- BENGAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, Shibpur , Howrah.
- JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY, Jadavpur , Kolkata.
- TVB SCHOOL OF HABITAT STUDIES, Vasant Kunj , New Delhi.
- IIT KHARAGPUR, Kharagpur.
- IIT ROORKEE, Roorkee.
- CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND TECHNOLGY , Ahmedabad.
- RAI UNIVERSITY RAIPUR , New Delhi
A Design Architect earns an average salary of INR 3.8 per year. Experience strongly influences pay for this job. The highest paying skills associated with this job are Autodesk 3ds Max and PowerPoint. Most people with this job move on to other positions after 20 years in this field.
*Figures are indicative. Do not use it for any decision.
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